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In these cases 80 persons were positive for HTLV-1 and 102 persons were positive for the HTLV-2.
Epidemiological analysis of HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infection among different population in Central China.
Seroprevalence and molecular epidemiology of human T-Cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 in blood donors from Dakar.
Results obtained of those HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infected in Blood donors WB pattern ELISA ** ELISA ** Sample Biokit vironostika code Indet-P24 - + 1 HTLV-1 + + 2 HTLV-1 + + 3 HTLV-1 + + 4 HTLV-1 + + 5 Indet-P24,P19, P26, P28, P36, P46-1 + + 6 HTLV-1 + + 7 HTLV-1 + + 8 HTLV-1 + + 9 HTLV-1 + + 10 HTLV-1 + + 11 HTLV-1 + + 12 Indet, (HGIP) + + 13 HTLV-1 + + 14 Indet.
HTLV-2 has a distinct pattern of distribution, with higher prevalence among Native American groups, various African tribes, and intravenous-drug users in the United States of America and Europe (4).
Forty mothers were identified as seropositive for HTLV-1, and two as seropositive for HTLV-2.
The two HTLV-2 positive specimens came from two mothers of indigenous Brazilian ethnicity, the Maxacalis tribe which lives in the Vale do Mucuri sub-area.
To confirm the diagnosis and to distinguish between HTLV-1 and HTLV-2, we used western blot (Genelabs Diagnostics, Singapore) or line immunoassay (Innogenetics, Belgium).
None of the mothers or the offspring tested positive for HTLV-2.
Although it seems evident that HTLV-2 do not interfere in AIDS clinical course, several evidence of laboratory and clinical studies demonstrate that such interaction can be deleterious for HIV-1 infection.
All HTLV-1--positive donors had negative serologic results for HTLV-2, human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B surface antigen.
Both HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 have spread globally and are pathogenic in humans (10-13).