HMO penetration

HMO penetration

Managed care The proportion of Pts in a geographic region enrolled in an HMO. See HMO.
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For example, the GLM model indicates that greater HMO penetration is associated with greater use of temporary RNs, but the fixed effects model estimates that managed care does not significantly affect the use of agency nurses.
0 percentage point increase in the MA HMO penetration rate, they estimate that per capita FFS costs were 0.
I obtain information on additional plan characteristics from Health Leaders/Interstudy (HLI), including plan age, plan type, national affiliation, and several features of the plan's market environment, including market HMO penetration, number of HMOs in the market, Hirschman-Herfindahl index of the HMO market, and physicians per capita in the market.
HMO penetration, as a market factor, is the number of HMOs in a geographic location.
Because MSA-level data are unavailable to us, the HMO penetration rate at the state level must be used.
InterStudy provided data on HMO penetration, and the Area Resource File was used to construct community demographic measures.
but the final panel dataset included only 317 MSAs each year because HMO penetration data were not available in 5 MSAs.
8) We find that HMO penetration among small employer-sponsored groups increased more in states that enacted relatively strong small group reforms than in states without such reforms.
Increasing registered nurse staffing seems to improve quality of care at hospitals that are at lower levels of RN staffing when the hospitals are located in markets with high HMO penetration (greater than 27.
HMO penetration rose to 25% from 16% over that same period, but HMO penetration in the group health market peaked at 29% in 2000.
Furthermore, the HMO penetration rate varies widely across markets (in 2000, penetration ranged from 11 percent in Memphis, TN to 61 percent in Madison, WI); so, HMO premiums provide only a partial portrait of healthcare cost differences across MSAs.