Dr Valerie Delpech, Head of HIV Surveillance
at Public Health England, said:
DIFFERENCESThese differences also reect background socio-economic conditions as demonstrated by the sub-county level HIV surveillance
Since 2006, CDC has recommended universal screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at least once in health care settings and at least annual rescreening of persons at increased risk for infection (1,2), but data from national surveys and HIV surveillance
demonstrate that these recommendations have not been fully implemented (3,4).
The CDC numbers, which use national HIV surveillance
data to estimate 2016 transmission rates, came out a few weeks after HIV.gov detailed a new federal initiative, "Ending the HIV Epidemic--A Plan for America," which aims to reduce new HIV infections by 75% in the next five years and by 90% in the next 10 years.
However, this picture changed around 2003-04 when initial HIV surveillance
reports indicated a high percentage of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWIDs).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently began using HIV nucleotide sequence data from the National HIV Surveillance
System (NHSS) to identify clusters of recent and rapid HIV transmission (2).
To see how that played out in terms of unintentional opioid overdose deaths, they turned to the National HIV Surveillance
System and focused on overdose deaths during 2011-2015, the latest data available at the time of the work.
The data source of this study was the PR HIV Surveillance
System, which is part of the CDC's National HIV Surveillance
System (NHSS) (4).
Both active and passive HIV surveillance
were adopted nationally, maintained and intensified, targeting suspected HIV cases and key populations.
Department of Health and Human Services to support the New Jersey Department of Health's HIV surveillance
and prevention efforts.U.S.
Andrew Mitsch, M.P.H., from the CDC in Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed National HIV Surveillance
System data for MSM aged ≥13 years by age group in 50 states and the District of Columbia.