The diagnosis of HIV is dependent on the detection of the HIV antibody
in blood, by the incorporation of HIV antigens.
ISLAMABAD -- An experimental HIV antibody
tested on a group of monkeys showed to be effective as it suppressed the virus for nearly six months without additional treatment, researchers have found.
Harrison et al., "Effect of HIV antibody
VRC01 on viral rebound after treatment interruption," The New England Journal of Medicine, vol.
False negative results occur if Antibody levels are low, Infection with a variant of the virus, specimen handling conditions which result in loss of HIV antibody
 In 2010, Wolpaw and colleagues reported low levels of rapid HIV test sensitivity, when performed on patients with low levels of HIV antibody
.  Similarly, the sensitivity for some HIV rapid test kits was as low as 92%, suggesting that not all rapid tests perform optimally.
Evaluation of four qualitative third-generation HIV antibody
assays and the fourth-generation Abbott HIV Ag/Ab Combo Test.
Screening: An Ethical Framework for Evaluating Proposed Programs.
Kuhn said standard HIV antibody
tests are usually considered diagnostic, however, it was not previously expected that some individuals would revert to being antibody-negative.
The panel is designed to be used in support of Bio-Rad's Multispot HIV-1/HIV-2 Rapid Test, the only FDA-approved assay on the market for HIV antibody
The level of HIV antibody
, a measure of exposure to HIV, also declined in both men.
detection was performed only after pretest counselling and informed consent of the patient.