Beginning in 1989, countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) began introducing conjugate Hib vaccination
into their routine national immunization programs; most countries introduced the vaccine before the year 2000.
By 2006, when WHO recommended Hib vaccine in all routine infant immunization schedules, 108 countries, accounting for >55% of the world's children, had introduced routine Hib vaccination
* Limit Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) to one dose for all children and adolescents with no previous history of Hib vaccination
The Hib vaccination
is not recommended for HIV-infected adults.
HibMenCY is safe and immunogenic and may be administered to infants to complete the routine Hib vaccination
GSK said that MenHibrix was developed to align with the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention's recommended infant immunisation schedule for Hib vaccination
and to allow for vaccination against meningococcal groups C & Y without adding additional shots.
A study on anti-Hib seroprevalence in Sweden 5 and 15 years after the introduction of universal Hib vaccination
related to notifications of invasive disease.
Black et al (14) have estimated 31,607 deaths attributable to meningitis in India after taking into account cases currently prevented by the Hib vaccination
(Hib vaccine is available and used in India).
(1) In countries with routine Hib vaccination
, Hib is no longer the most important cause of bacterial meningitis in children.
By 2004, a total of 134 of 165 developing countries had introduced hepatitis B vaccination into their national immunization schedules, and 63 had introduced Hib vaccination
; however, coverage levels have stagnated or remain suboptimal in many countries.
Even though there was a Hib vaccination
shortage at the time, none of the children were unvaccinated due to the shortage.