HES6

HES6

A gene on chromosome 2q37.3 that encodes a transcription repressor which, while not binding DNA, suppresses HES1-mediated N-box-dependent transcriptional repression and the binding of HES1 to E-box sequences. HES6 also suppresses HES1-mediated inhibition of the ASCL1/MASH1 and TCF3/E47 heterodimer, allowing ASCL1 and TCF3 to upregulate transcription. It promotes cell differentiation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Activator-type bHLH transcription factors such as Hes6, neurogenin, Mash1, and NeuroD enhanced the expression of MAP2, a neuron specific protein, and induced neuronal differentiation.
Hes6, an inhibitor of Hes1, was also significantly increased by EPA treatment on day 1, but not on day 4 (Figure 3(b)).
It was observed that EPA treatment induced neuronal differentiation in cultured NSCs and increased mRNA levels of Hes1, an inhibitory factor of neuronal differentiation, and Hes6, an inhibitory factor of Hes1.
In the present study, EPA increased Hes1 mRNA expression, Map2 mRNA expressions and the number of Tuj-1-positive cells because Hes6 acts in a positive feedback loop in neurogenesis by competing with Hes1 activation and promoting proteolytic degradation of Hes1 [23,24].
Hes6 expression appears to activate [p21.sup.cip1] transcription, suppresses cell proliferation [28], and may also affect the cell cycle.
DHA decreased Hes1 expression levels and EPA increased Hes6 expression levels, which led to a decreased Hes1 activity.
Kintner, "Hes6 acts in a positive feedback loop with the neurogenins to promote neuronal differentiation" Development, vol.
Kageyama, "The bHLH gene Hes6, an inhibitor of Hes1, promotes neuronal differentiation" Development, vol.
Hong et al., "Hes6 controls cell proliferation via interaction with cAMP-response element-binding protein-binding protein in the promyelocytic leukemia nuclear body," Te Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Shido, "Cis 9, trans-11-conjugated linoleic acid promotes neuronal differentiation through regulation of Hes6 mRNA and cell cycle in cultured neural stem cells," Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, vol.