HB Ag was found in30 (10.8%) females and three (1.0%) cases also had HB Ag antigen positive indicating infectious phase and replicating virus.
Very high positivity of HB Ag was found in two rural clusters that is Banigalla with 19 cases (65.5%) and Village Gokina with 06 cases (20.7%).
Table 2 shows that out of 277 women interviewed only 56 (20%) had prior knowledge of HBV vaccination and 121 (80%) were tested for HB Ag mostly as routine/ baseline tests during pregnancy.
In present study 39 (15.4%) mothers had HBsAb while 29 (11.4%) were positive for HB Ag and three (1.08%) were also HB Ag positive.
We collected 17 EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood specimens from DM patients with Hb AJ (6 patients), Hb AG (10 patients), or Hb AE (1 patient had a fasting sugar of 10.4 mmol/L) to analyze HbA1c.
For specimens with Hb AG, the HPLC chromatogram showed an additional peak at Hb [A.sub.0] (Fig.