oxalic acid

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oxalic acid

 [ok-sal´ik]
a poisonous dicarboxylic acid found in various fruits and vegetables, and formed in the metabolism of ascorbic acid and ethylene glycol. While it is not usually a problem with normal diets, it is seen in high concentrations in certain ornamental plants (such as Diffenbachia), as well as in some bleaches and antirust products. Persons or animals that chew on the plants or otherwise consume the chemical can be poisoned. Oxalic acid is highly toxic and if ingested vomiting should not be induced. If the person is at home, a poison control center and emergency services should be contacted immediately. The acid can be neutralized by administration of calcium by either the oral or the intravenous route. High urinary oxalate concentrations may cause deposition of kidney stones and other urinary calculi.

ox·al·ic ac·id

(ok-sal'ik as'id),
An acid found in many plants and vegetables, particularly in buckwheat (family Polygoniaceae) and Oxalis (family Oxalidaceae); used as a hemostatic in veterinary medicine, but toxic in elevated levels when ingested by humans; also used in the removal of ink and other stains, and as a general reducing agent; salts of oxalic acid are found in renal calculi; accumulates in cases of primary hyperoxaluria.

ox·al·ic ac·id

(ok-sal'ik as'id)
An acid found in many plants and vegetables; used as a hemostatic in veterinary medicine, but toxic when ingested by humans; also used in the removal of ink and other stains, and as a general reducing agent; salts of oxalic acid are found in renal calculi; accumulates in cases of primary hyperoxaluria.

ox·al·ic ac·id

(ok-sal'ik as'id)
Acid found in many plants and vegetables; toxic in elevated levels when ingested by humans; also used in the removal of ink and other stains, and as a general reducing agent.