Apoda

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Related to Gymnophiona: order Gymnophiona

Apoda

or

Gymnophiona

an order of worm-like, burrowing amphibians (caecilians) that lack limb girdles and limbs. They possess small functionless eyes and are found in SE Asia, India, Africa and Central America.
References in periodicals archive ?
We concluded that state 0 was the state possessed by the ancestor to salamanders, as collecting ducts that anastomose before communication with the Wolffian duct or cloaca have never been described in Gymnophiona (Wake, 1970) or Anura (Bhaduri, 1953; Bhaduri and Basu, 1957).
We concluded that state 0 was the state possessed by the ancestor to salamanders, as collecting ducts that communicate with the cloaca have not been identified in Gymnophiona (Wake, 1970) or Anura (Bhaduri, 1953; Bhaduri and Basu, 1957).
Plethodontidae) respiratoria Fisiologia Coqui comun (Eleutherodactylus coqui) reproductiva Cecilias (Gymnophiona) Fisiologia Triton vientre de fuego chino (Cynops orientalis) evolutiva Fisiologia Rana de bosque (Rana sylvatica) ambiental Rana leopardo (Rana pipiens) Rana africana de unas (X.
Gymnophiona are limbless, worm-like, and do not have pelvic girdles or pectoral muscles.
In a typical structure of gymnophiona gills, each caecilian embryo contains three gills in each head side except the gills of Typhlonectes (Peters, 1874, 1875; Parker, 1956; Taylor, 1968; Wake, 1969; Nussbaum & Wilkinson, 1989; Wilkinson, 1989; Sammouri et al, 1990; Exbrayat & HraouiBloquet, 1991, 1992; Hraoui-Bloquet & Exbrayat, 1994; Wilkinson & Nussbaum, 1997) and Chthonerpeton (Lieberman, 1939; Parker) with a huge sac-like gill on both sides of the head.
En este sentido, Kowalski (1999) ha sugerido que en cautiverio este Gymnophiona debe alojarse en agua con un pH alcalino (8,0).
Dentro del orden Anura, la familia mejor representada en cuanto a numero de generos fue Bufonidae con cuatro (Atelopus, Andinophryne, Rhaebo y Rhinella), seguida de Hylidae con tres (Hyloscirtus, Hypsiboas y Smilisca) y Centrolenidae con dos (Hyalinobatrachium y Teratohyla); para el resto de las familias se reporta un solo genero; para el orden Caudata reportamos dos generos (Bolitoglossa y Oedipina) y para Gymnophiona uno (Caecilia).
lineola (Cope, 1865) Pr E Thorius pennatulus (Cope, 1869) Pr, CR A2ac E GYMNOPHIONA Caeciliaidae Dermophis mexicanus (Dumeril y Bibron 1841) Pr N X X D.
Two of the three orders of amphibians (Caudata and Gymnophiona) are represented by one (Bolitoglossa altamazonica) and three species (Potomotyphlus kaupd, Siphonops annulatus, and Typhlonectes compressicauda), respectively, in the region.
Reevaluation of the status of taxa of Central American caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), with comments on their origin and evolution.
El mayor esfuerzo de muestreo del estudio estuvo dirigido a la busqueda de anuros y no de cecilias, lo que explica el bajo numero de ejemplares colectados del orden Gymnophiona. Las familias Leptodactylidae e Hylidae y los generos Eleutherodactylus e Hyloscirtus son los mas representativos, comportamiento tipico en la zona andina por encima de los 1000 m.