Social status and line of profession has a certain influence on the development of pregnancy and the incidence of fetal growth retardation
. According to our data, IUGR is also observed in mothers whose work involves physical labor and who are unemployed (Table 2).
During follow up, growth retardation
and ichthyosis progressively increased, growth parameters were below the third percentile at the age of three years.
 Blood pressure control is a must, otherwise effects on neonate (growth retardation
, abruptio placentae and premature delivery) and maternal (renal failure, hypertensive crisis) are observed.
Malabsorption disorders and associated classical symptoms of CD, such as growth retardation
, diarrhea, abdominal distention, and fatty stools, can be seen in patients due to intestinal mucosal damage.
Intrauterine growth retardation
(IUGR) refers to impaired growth and development of the mammalian embryo/fetus or its organs during pregnancy (Wu et al., 2006).
In the meantime, anti-endomysium antibody (EMA), one of the celiac antibodies examined for growth retardation
, EMA IgA, and EMA IgG were found to be positive.
The sections include acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic obstruction pulmonary disease, general anesthesia, growth retardation
and hypogonadism, human immunodeficiency virus infection, megaloblastic anemia, peri-menopause and osteoporosis, primary adrenal deficiency (Addison's Disease), solid organ transplant, and diabetes mellitus.
Yu and her colleagues warned that SCS should not be used to treat pediatric atopic dermatitis "because of growth retardation
" and other adverse effects.
Fetuses suffer from oligohydramnios, leading to limb contractions and pulmonary hypoplasia, premature birth, growth retardation
, and hypoplastic calvaria.
The etiology of intrauterine growth retardation
ultimately leading to SGA consists of a broad spectrum of maternal, environmental, placental and fetal factors, but in a significant proportion of cases the reason for being born SGA remains unclear.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with intrauterine growth retardation
(IUGR), the fetal origin of adult disease (1,2).