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1. the progressive development of a living thing, especially the process by which the body reaches its point of complete physical development.
2. an abnormal formation of tissue, such as a tumor.
Human Growth. Human growth from infancy to maturity involves great changes in body size and appearance, including the development of the sexual characteristics. The growth process is not a steady one: at some times growth occurs rapidly, at others slowly. Individual patterns of growth vary widely because of differences in heredity and environment. Children tend to have physiques similar to those of their parents or of earlier forebears; however, environment may modify this tendency. Living conditions, including nutrition and hygiene, have considerable influence on growth.
Glands and Growth. The regulators of growth are the endocrine glands, which are themselves subject to hereditary influence. The pituitary gland secretes growth hormone, which controls general body growth, particularly the growth of the skeleton, and also influences metabolism.

In addition to influencing growth directly, the pituitary gland has a central role in regulating the other endocrine glands. These other glands in turn control many body functions, and they secrete the various hormones that directly regulate metabolism.
Variations in Growth Rates. The growth of different individuals varies a great deal. It should be remembered that the rate of growth we call “normal” is really only an average rate. There is a wide range of growth rates, almost all of them quite normal. Of the children of a given sex and age, only about two thirds will have physical measurements that fall close to the average.

Growth in height occurs as a result of maturation of the skeleton. When the long bones have reached maturity at about age 18, linear growth stops. In general, the birth weight of the average baby doubles in 5 to 6 months and triples by the end of the first year. At the end of the second year of life birth weight quadruples and then there is a steady increase of 2 to 2.75 kg (4.4 to 6 lb.) each year until the child reaches puberty, at which time there is a period of rapid growth in weight and height.
delayed growth and development a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as deviation from age group norms.
risk for disproportionate growth a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as being at risk for growth above the 97th percentile or below the 3rd percentile for age, crossing two percentile channels.


The increase in size of a living being or any of its parts occurring in the process of development.


a. The process of growing.
b. Full development; maturity.
2. Development from a lower or simpler to a higher or more complex form; evolution.
3. An increase, as in size, number, value, or strength; extension or expansion: population growth.
4. An abnormal mass of tissue, such as a tumor, growing in or on a living organism.


The increase in size of a living being or any of its parts occurring in the process of development; as measured in increments of weight, volume, or linear dimensions.
Compare: bioregulator


the process of increase in size which has three distinct components,
  1. cell division,
  2. assimilation,
  3. cell expansion. The basis of growth is CELL DIVISION but in order to increase in size, cells must be able to synthesize new structures that are manufactured from raw materials derived from their immediate environment. This is assimilation and it results in increase in cell size. Growth during development can be continuous but allometric (see ALLOMETRIC GROWTH), as in humans, or can be discontinuous, as in insects where growth occurs at each ECDYSIS.


Increase in size of a living being or any of its parts occurring in process of development.

Patient discussion about growth

Q. does the growth hormone have side effects and what are they?

A. Yes, it does, and not a few. They include, among others, pain in the joints, carpal tunnel syndrome, diabetes, pain at the injection site, problems with the thyroid gland, ear problems and many others. You may read more about side effects of growth hormone treatment (called Mecasermin or Somatropin) here:

Q. Is nutrition vital for healthy hair growth? I am engaged to a girl 3 months back and our marriage is on coming month. I was above heavens when my girl told me that I am handsome. Now I am afraid whether she will hate me soon bcoz, for the past few days I have had drastic hair fall. I feel to be taking less nutrition diet. Is nutrition vital for healthy hair growth? I have dreamt my life with that beautiful angel and never want to lose on that. She can definitely add face value to my happy life. Please guide me to marry my beautiful girl.


Q. I have a heavy growth of thin hair on my face and neck area. What can I do? I have a heavy growth of thin hair on my face and neck area. I did wax couple of times but found a thick growth of chin hair which was difficult to get rid. I did try to pluck but found that it grows back immediately within a day. I do not like to use electro hair removing. What can I do?

A. i saw couple of women that bleach their facial hair...maybe that would work?

More discussions about growth
References in periodicals archive ?
Silver, "Studies on the development and behavior of the dystrophic growth cone, the hallmark of regeneration failure, in an in vitro model of the glial scar and after spinal cord injury," The Journal of Neuroscience, vol.
Forscher, "Myosin II functions in actin-bundle turnover in neuronal growth cones," Nature Cell Biology, vol.
On the other hand, ROCKs stimulate the retraction of axonal and dendritic growth cones by activating MLCK through the phosphorylation of myosin light chain proteins to promote an interaction with actin [66].
Thus, we suggest that this first stage of motoneuronal regeneration, characterized by axonal guidance to peripheral tissues and transient electrical coupling of buccal neurons, might require a special state of activity coordination among damaged neurons to promote the synchronous elongation of axons and the speedy arrival of growth cones at potential peripheral targets (Fig.
Chemoattraction of sensory neuron growth cones by diffusible concentration gradients of acetylcholine.
The differential expression of receptors or receptor complexes on the growth cone and their ligand-dependent interactions, along with some intracellular adaptors and mediators, link the external guidance cues with the internal environment of the axon and result in the specificity and polarity of particular axons.
Bryan used his reserve growth cones to propose a February target range of $18,535 million to $18,635 million for total effective reserves.
Microtubules and actin filaments are central to the coordinated control of the cytoskeleton in the growth cone of the axons.
A key difference between growth cones and retraction bulbs involves the degree of microtubule assembly.
Besides, growth cone protrusions, called invadosomes, present metalloproteinases that degrades the extracellular matrix [42] possibly reducing CSPG content and Sema3D content.
For the year, M2 advanced 1 1/2 percent, placing it a little above the lower bound of its 1 percent to 5 percent annual growth cone. M3 expanded 1/2 percent, the same pace as in 1992 and a bit above the lower bound of its 0 percent to 4 percent annual range.