Graves disease

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Graves dis·ease

(grāvz), [MIM*275000] Avoid the incorrect forms Grave and Grave's.
1. toxic goiter characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland, a form of hyperthyroidism; exophthalmos is a common, but not invariable, concomitant finding;
2. thyroid dysfunction and all or any of its clinical associations;
3. an organ-specific autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland.

Graves dis·ease

(grāvz di-zēz')
1. Toxic goiter characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland, a form of hyperthyroidism; exophthalmos is a common, but not invariable, concomitant finding.
2. Thyroid dysfunction and all or any of its clinical associations.
3. An organ-specific autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland.
See: thyrotoxicosis, Hashimoto disease, goiter, myxedema
Synonym(s): Parry disease.

Graves,

Robert James, Irish physician, 1796-1853.
Graves disease - thyroid dysfunction and all or any of its clinical associations. Synonym(s): Basedow disease; Marsh disease; ophthalmic hyperthyroidism; Parry disease
Graves ophthalmopathy - exophthalmos associated with thyroid disease. Synonym(s): endocrine ophthalmopathy; Graves orbitopathy
Graves orbitopathy - Synonym(s): Graves ophthalmopathy

Marsh,

Sir Henry, Irish physician, 1790-1860.
Marsh disease - Synonym(s): Graves disease

disease

pathogenic entity characterized by an identifiable aetiological agent, group of signs and symptoms and/or consistent anatomical alterations; see syndrome

Graves dis·ease

(grāvz di-zēz') [MIM*275000]
1. Toxic goiter characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland, a form of hyperthyroidism.
2. Thyroid dysfunction and all or any of its clinical associations.
3. Organ-specific autoimmune disease of thyroid gland.
Synonym(s): Basedow disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Shamim Qureshi said that surgery was one of the options for managing Grave's Disease.
Different studies around the world have confirmed the rare coexistence of Grave's disease and thyroid cancer.
Past studies from the 1990s proposed that thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) may play a role in determining aggressiveness of thyroid cancers in patients with Grave's disease (11).
On the other hand, women who have Grave's disease that is diagnosed in the first trimester of pregnancy should be started on PTU, because methimazole is associated with certain birth defects, Dr.
All these problems can run alongside Grave's disease in a family, so I checked her pulse.
In an interview with the AP, Mattison said there are no guidelines for treating Grave's disease in children, and most doctors don't know of the danger of prescribing the two drugs.
The researchers reviewed the records of all 48 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for Grave's disease at their hospital between 1993 and 2005.
Whatever the treatment used for Grave's disease, the thyroid will usually become underactive, requiring oral thyroid medication.
Patients have been found to have thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibodies positive in their serum with euthyroid or hypothyroid Graves' ophthalmopathy but does not explain pathogenic correlation with underlying thyroid dysfunction as they are negative or weakly positive in euthyroid Grave's disease.
Grave's disease is associated with specific eye signs that comprise Grave's ophthalmopathy.
Other subjects covered include NGF and Alzheimer's disease, NGF-mediated effects in the development of orbitopathy associated with Grave's disease, and information processing by NGF-activated signaling networks.
Chapters detail methods and applications of anticancer, antiviral, antitubercular, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, immunomodulating, antioxidant, analgesic, and anticoagulation assays, as well as assays related to blood pressure, Parkinson's and Grave's diseases, Alzheimer's, epilepsy, and diabetes.