graptolite

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graptolite

any extinct Palaeozoic colonial pelagic animal of the class Graptolithina. Branching forms are found in later strata and up to Carboniferous times.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Middle Cambrian ptero-branchs and the question: what is a graptolite? Lethaia 38: 73-85.
"The explosive radiation of graptolites in the Paleozoic planktonic ecosystems is known only from the diversity of their tubes.
Researchers say these tubes were lost in the lineage that resulted in modern-day acorn worms, but were retained through graptolites and pterobranchs.
Nemagraptid graptolites are a particularly important fossil group for Ordovician biostratigraphy.
Herein we provide new information on the chronostratigraphy of the "Siluro-Devonian" succession in the subsurface of West Texas based on conodonts from a core from the Pegasus field in Midland County, Texas, and a reevaluation of graptolites originally described by Decker (1942, 1952) from wells in adjoining Crane County.
The use of graptolites in biostratigraphy is limited in these rocks (Paskevicius 1973, 2011; Mannil 1976).
* Ordovician extinction - It was a time when the earth was dominated by sea creatures such as trilobites, brachiopods, and graptolites. They were drastically reduced in number during the die out.
(1985): Conodonts and associated graptolites from the late Early Devonian of east-central Alaska and western Yukon Territory.
On the distribution of graptolites in the Dictyonema shale of Estonia and the noncontemporaneity of its different facies.
About 30 species of pterobranch are known to exist today although 380-490 million years ago a group of these animals called graptolites were common across the prehistoric oceans.