grapheme

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grapheme

(grăf′ēm)
1. A letter of an alphabet.
2. The smallest element in a writing system.
3. A written symbol or group of symbols used to represent a single sound.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In this sense, some researchers argue that English-speaking children must develop intermediate representations between the grapheme and the word, in order to deal with the irregularities of the orthographic system (Ziegler & Goswami, 2005).
Generate read-aloud morpheme off graphemes resting abreast mutually.
The studies with adults involved braille analysis of phonemes, graphemes, onset-rimes, and words.
Further, he calls attention to unchanged spellings of Old English plurals like wulfas 'wolves', where the grapheme <f> is retained, although the fricative becomes fully voiced.
Crucially, the Welsh writing system is another example of a phonologically transparent orthography in which the mappings from graphemes to phonemes are relatively consistent and unambiguous.
* Multiple representations: phonemes which can be represented by several graphemes or vice-versa ex: /s/--s, c, ss, sc, xc, c--/k/, /s/
Les quatre autres piliers comportent (2) le decodage, qui consiste a relier les phonemes associes a des combinaisons de graphemes particuliers; (3) le vocabulaire, qui consiste a comprendre le sens des mots ecrits; (4) la fluidite, qui designe une lecture orale rythmee, precise avec une prosodie appropriee; et (5) la comprehension du passage lu, tant des inferences que du texte dans sa globalite.
I told them that we were going to focus on the grapheme <t> and look at the phonemes it is representing (or writing) in the words we had been using.
Somewhat surprisingly, the graphemes u and u are treated separately, the latter being placed between y and a in the Ume Saami-Swedish section of the dictionary.
Dickerson (1984; 1987; 1994), which is remarkably revealing in relation to the prediction of stressed-syllable location, and also, collaterally, in the prediction of the value of vocalic graphemes in the stressed position--the latter, mostly when it is a matter of choosing between the so-called lax and tense pronunciations.
He covers features, letters, and graphemes; the graphematic syllable; and the graphematic foot.
Alexia without agraphia is a clinical syndrome that most often manifests as verbal alexia (inability to read words), and in most severe cases as a literal alexia (inability to read individual graphemes) [5].