Gossypium


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Gossypium

(go-sip'e-um) [L.]
A genus of perennial shrub of the Malvaceae family, widely grown because of the cotton fiber derived from its seed covering. The bark of some species is diuretic, emmenagogic, and oxytocic.
See: cotton; gossypol

Gossypium

Includes G. hirsutum (Gossypium arboreum, G. barbadense, G. herbaceum), the commercial cotton plant of the family Malvaceae.
Cotton seeds are a residue of the cotton industry and, after extraction of the oil, the residual cottonseed cake is much valued as a protein supplement for livestock. The seeds contain gossypol, a toxic polyphenolic pigment, and unless the processing is appropriate the cake and meal can be very poisonous, causing severe myocardial necrosis and liver damage. Ruminants may be affected but the severest disease occurs in pigs. Clinically there is congestive heart failure and severe dyspnea. The cake is also very low in vitamin A and nutritional deficiency may result.
References in periodicals archive ?
Heterobeltiosis in multiple environments for seed cotton yield and yield attributes in cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L.
Conception January 5, 1932 Gossypium jamaicense Mac fad Great Inagua February (Malvaceae) 27, 1933 [= G.
Plant material: Plant material was consisted of seeds of five Syrian accredited local varieties of Gossypium hirsutum L.
Toxicidade Pre-Clinica de Fitoterapico Contendo Gossypium herbaceum (Algodoeiro) em Ratos Wistar.
Morphological and isozymes markers have been used for estimating genetic relatedness in Gossypium but they are not much reliable.
Four years ago, just four women worked at Pratibha, a garments factory which produces Fairtrade products for clients as diverse as Pants to Poverty, Tesco, George at Asda and Gossypium.
A genetic bottleneck in the evolution under domestication of upland cotton Gossypium hirsutum L.
It is a ready-to-use liquid oil phase based on the oil components ethylhexyl stearate and gossypium herbaceum (cotton) seed oil, a PEG-free emulsifier combination and phenoxyethanol.
GOSSYPIUM Gossypium began in 1998 when two textile technologists, Abigail Garner and Thomas Petit, got together sharing the belief that many steps in the manufacture and sale of clothing were outdated or unnecessary.
A NOVEL APPROACH FOR IDENTIFYING POLYMORPHIC SIMPLE SEQUENCE REPEAT MARKERS IN GOSSYPIUM USING GENE-ENRICHED DNA SEQUENCES
The fashion show included clothes by Traidcraft, People Tree and Gossypium.