Boston Children's Hospital nurse Stella Goostray described the complicated preparation of artificial formula under the percentage method:
The rest was left to the nurse and she had to do the necessary calculations, dilute whole milk and add 16 percent cream and milk or sugar as necessary to obtain the desired percentages (Goostray, 1950)
We saw no one but the house officer, and the superintendent of nurses who peered at us through a window.'" (Goostray, 1950).
For the child with pulmonary congestion, the nurse rigged a tent from tin and used an alcohol lamp to heat the water in a tea kettle (Goostray, 1950).
For example, a few weeks after Stella Goostray entered Children's Hospital training school in 1915, she fainted while attending the required morning church services with the other nursing students.
Fortunately, after a tortuous 18-month convalescence, she recovered and went on to work for 50 more years as a pediatric nurse (Goostray, 1969).