Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


1. a type of basophil in the adenohypophysis whose granules secrete follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.
2. a gonadotropic substance.


/go·nado·trope/ (go-nad´ah-trōp) gonadotroph.

gonadotrope, gonadotrop, gonadotroph

a basophilic cell of the anterior pituitary specialized to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lack of age appropriate pubertal signs in two boys can be explained on the basis of direct suppressive effect of cortisol on pituitary gonadotropes and testis as well.
Initially, the decrease may be due to depletion of releasable pools of FSH in pituitary gonadotropes.
SP22 was not observed in large gonadotropes or corticotropes.
Exposure to B[alpha]P resulted in significant increases in serum LH levels (Figure 7A) and LH proteins (~ 20 kDa) in pituitary gland extracts (Figure 7B) and in the intensity of LH immunoreactivity in the gonadotropes in the anterior pituitary glands (Figure 7C).
Ultrastructural characteristics of two distinct gonadotropes, GTH I- and GTH II-cells in the pituitary of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Leptin increases L-type Ca2+ channel expression and GnRH-stimulated LH release in L[beta]T2 gonadotropes.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a member of the glycoprotein hormones synthesized and secreted by gonadotropes in the anterior pituitary gland and is comprised of two dissimilar subunits, alpha and beta, encoded by separate genes (Jameson et al.
It acts on gonadotropes to stimulate synthesis and release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Pawson and McNeilly 2005).
The objective of the present study was to determine whether exposure of pregnant sheep to environmental concentrations of a mixture of EDCs, via sewage sludge used as a fertilizer, disrupts the kisspeptin/GPR54 system, as determined by examination of KiSS-1, GPR54, and ER[alpha] (estrogen receptor-[alpha]) mRNA expression in the adult and fetal hypothalamus and pituitary and the proportions of kisspeptin positive LH-secretory gonadotropes and estradiol-receptive gonadotropes within the fetal pituitary gland.
Signal transduction mechanisms mediating secretion in goldfish gonadotropes and somatotropes.
Many degenerating and nondegenerated gonadotropes, somatotropes, and lactotropes showed dilated ER (Figures 3 and 5) and hypertrophic Golgi areas, occasionally with some lightly dense granules inside.