genetically modified food

(redirected from Gm crop)
Any food genetically modified to resist or tolerate pesiticides, insects, or viruses, or to decrease spoilage, produce antibodies, decrease fatty acid synthesis, or increase production of certain amino acids

ge·net·i·cal·ly mod·i·fied food

(jĕ-net'ik-ă-lē mod'i-fīd fūd)
Scientifically altered foodstuffs intended to limit exposure of the plants or animals to disease or spoilage. Concerns about safety and efficacy have been raised worldwide.
Synonym(s): frankenfood.

genetically modified food

Any crop or agricultural product altered by biological engineering for drought resistance, increased growth, resistance to pests or pesticides, prolonged shelf-life, altered textures or flavors, or other economically or commercially desirable characteristics. Promoters of genetically modified foods point to their improved yields (which may have a beneficial impact on agricultural profits or world hunger). Opponents of genetic modification have raised concerns about its effects on ecosystems, human food allergies, and religious dietary laws.
Synonym: bioengineered food
See also: food
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References in periodicals archive ?
Since the approval and implementation of the JDC in March 2016, there has been no new commercialized GM crop in the local market.
The Welsh Government will continue to maintain a restrictive and precautionary approach to GM crop cultivation, an approach which enjoys cross-party support and the backing of the majority of the Welsh public."
Under the proposal, the European Commission, would retain the right to ban or approve any particular GM crop throughout the EU on the basis of a scientific assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which will be consulted on whether there are any risks to human health and the environment.
To address this worst possible scenario, it was proposed that GM cultivation must be accompanied by 5-10 per cent non-GM crop so that susceptible insect population can survive on these non-GM crops and mate with resistant insect survived on GM crops. This is idea of cultivation of refugia with GM crop.
On the other hand, the Minister of Agriculture Salah Abdel Momen reported that "the only licensed shipment of a GM crop to enter Egypt in 2012, a 40 tonne shipment of the GM maize, was to be withheld and executed by his Ministry".
Environmental groups like Greenpeace point to the weak demand for GM crops as proof that GM crop production in Europe should, and will be, completely phased out in the future, citing a survey conducted by the group in which 61 per cent of respondents were against the use of GM crops.
To date Monsanto owns 90 per cent of all GM crop seeds, making it illegal for farmers to collect and replant seed, which means they are required to keep buying it year after year.
But the CFS/Friends of the Earth report concluded that GM crops have failed to help most of the world's farmers, given that more than 70 percent of GM crop acreage is limited to the United States and Argentina.
The panel examined in detail the EU's handling of 27 applications for GM crop approvals identified by the complaining parties.
regulatory agencies are concerned, agrobiotech companies need only demonstrate that--apart from the transgenic protein--a GM crop shares equivalent composition and nutritional status to its conventional counterpart.
He said GM crop fields would allow nothing for wildlife.
The findings make it difficult for Tony Blair to give the go-ahead to commercial GM crop production.