glyoxylic acid

(redirected from Glyoxylate)
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gly·ox·yl·ic ac·id

(glī'oks-il'ik as'id),
OHC-COOH; produced by the action of glycine dehydrogenases on glycine or sarcosine, or from allantoic acid by the action of allantoicase, or through alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase.
Synonym(s): oxoacetic acid

glyoxylic acid

C2H2O3, an acid produced by the action of glycine oxidase on glycine or sarcosine.
CAS # 298-12-4
See also: acid
References in periodicals archive ?
Holmes, "Glycolate and glyoxylate metabolism in HepG2 cells," American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology, vol.
"We didn't know what to expect but the glyoxylate scenario with respect to formation of carbohydrates is not a hypothesis anymore, it's an experimental fact."
DCA is dehalogenated to glyoxylate by the cytosolic zeta-1 family isoform of glutathione transferase (GSTzl), which is identical to maleylacetoacetate isomerase (MAAI), the penultimate enzyme in the phenylalanine/tyrosine catabolic pathway [see Supplemental Material, Figure 2 (doi:10.1289/ehp.1002554)].
This mixture catalyzes the glyoxylate ene reaction to give higher enantioselectivities, higher yields and a more general catalyst.
MLS and ICL are key enzymes of the glyoxylate cycle required for fungal virulence [94].
Acetaldehyde can then be converted to ethanol or, more likely, into acetyl-CoA, which can be used in numerous cell processes (Krebs cycle, glyoxylate bypass, lipid biosynthesis, or other processes) [13].
Functional synergism between the most common polymorphism in human alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase and four of the most common disease-causing mutations.
Lidstrom, "Glyoxylate regeneration pathway in the methylotroph Methylobacterium extorquens AM1," Journal of Bacteriology, vol.
Cra was found to play as an activator of most of the genes encoding enzymes for gluconeo genesis, TCA cycle, and glyoxylate shunt pathway, and as a repressor of the genes encoding EntnerDoudoroff pathway and glycolysis (Fig.
The acetyl-CoA is metabolized through the TCA cycle and the glyoxylate shunt pathway by isocitrate lyase (aceA) and malate synthetase (aceB).
The production of formate, a substrate for methanogenesis, from compounds related with the glyoxylate cycle by mixed ruminal microbes.
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) [1] (OMIM 259900) is an autosomal recessive disorder of glyoxylate metabolism caused by deficiency of alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT; EC 2.6.1.44).