glycyrrhiza

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licorice

 [lik´ah-ris]
glycyrrhiza; the dried rhizome, roots, and stolons of various species of the perennial herb Glycyrrhiza glabra, used as a flavoring agent for various substances including drugs, tobacco, and candy. It has mineralocorticoid effects and can cause sodium and water retention and hypokalemia.

glyc·yr·rhi·za

(glis-i-rī'ză),
The dried rhizome and root of Glycyrrhiza glabra (family Leguminoseae) and allied species; a demulcent, mild laxative, and expectorant; also used to disguise the taste of other remedies; its action appears to depend on glycyrrhizic acid, a salt-retaining glycoside that mimics the action of aldosterone.
Synonym(s): licorice, liquorice
[G. fr. glykys, sweet, + rhiza, root]

glyc·yr·rhi·za

(glis'i-rī'ză)
The dried rhizome and root of Glycyrrhiza glabra and allied species; a demulcent, mild laxative, and expectorant; also used to disguise the taste of other remedies.
Synonym(s): licorice, liquorice.
[G. fr. glykys, sweet, + rhiza, root]

glycyrrhiza

Licorice. The drug is derived from the roots of Glycyrrhiza glabr a and is of little medical importance other than as a flavourant.

glyc·yr·rhi·za

(glis'i-rī'ză)
Dried rhizome and root of Glycyrrhiza glabra and allied species; demulcent, mild laxative, and expectorant.
Synonym(s): licorice.
[G. fr. glykys, sweet, + rhiza, root]
References in periodicals archive ?
Li, "Glycyrrhiza uralensis flavonoids inhibit brain microglial cell TNF-[alpha] secretion, p-I[kappa]B expression, and increase brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) secretion," Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences, vol.
Kim et al., "Hexane-ethanol extract of Glycyrrhiza uralensis containing licoricidin inhibits the metastatic capacity of DU145 human prostate cancer cells," British Journal of Nutrition, vol.
Beta-glucuronidase inhibitory activity and hepatoprotective effect of 18 beta-glycyrrhetinic acid from the rhizomes of Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Planta Med 2000; 66 : 40-3.
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) supports respiration, improves adrenal function, is an anti-inflammatory and antitoxin, improves air circulation, soothes joints, supports mucus production, and works as a demulcent.
Shuyu, a commercially available herbal prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, comprises four herbal ingredients: Radix Bupleuri (Bupleurum chinense DC.), Radix Paeoniae Alba (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.), Rhizoma Cyperi (Cyperus rotundus Linn.), and Radix Glycyrrhizae (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.).
Chen., Bulbus fritillariae thunbergii, Rhizoma anemarrhenae, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Pharmacological activity of PRM has not yet been reported in experimental pulmonary fibrosis.
A traditional herbal formula Jakyakgamcho-tang (JYGCT; Paeonia lactiflora and Glycyrrhiza uralensis) has been used for treatment of backache, muscle pain, acute abdominal pain, neuralgia, bronchial asthma, and painful peripheral neuropathy in Oriental medicine.
Several analytical methods have been applied to qualitative and quantitative flavonoid determination, especially HPLC in conjunction with diode array detection and mass spectrometry, as in honey [4], Citrus grandis [5], grapes and teas [6], Scutellaria baclensis [7], Glycyrrhiza uralensis, G.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effects of licorice and mugwort extracts (Glycyrrhiza uralensis and Artemisia capillaris, 0.5% and 1% of total substrate DM, respectively) on ruminal methanogenesis and fermentation characteristics.
Glycyrrhiza glabra and Glycyrrhiza uralensis are the most common sources of licorice used in herbal medicine.
The formula the researchers found most effective in mice contained three Chinese herbal extracts--Ling-Zhi (Ganoderma lucidum), Ku-Shen (Sophora flavascens), and Gan-Cao (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) (also known as Reishi, Shrubby Sophora, and Chinese Licorice) and was dubbed anti-asthma herbal medicine intervention (ASHMI).