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1. A compound containing two alcohol groups.
2. Ethylene glycol.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(glī′kōl) (-kŏl) [″ + alcohol]
Any one of the dihydric alcohols related to ethylene glycol, C2H6O2.

Patient care

The glycols, including ethylene and propylene glycol, are found in many antifreezes, solvents, detergents, and lacquers, and their ingestion is a common cause of accidental poisoning in the U.S. The intoxicated patient should be treated by decontaminating the stomach in order to decrease uptake of the chemical. Sodium bicarbonate is also given if metabolic acidosis develops. Seizures, brain damage, ophthalmic injury, and renal failure are common complications of exposure. Support of the patient often includes parenteral administration of thiamine and other vitamins, as well as of alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitors.

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The agency also believes the organisational changes would not affect Petronas' commitment to Optimal Glycols and Optimal Chemicals.
Ester-based plasticizers include benzoates, isophthalates, adipates, phthalates, citrates, trimellitates and various glycol esters of aliphatic acids.
Some water-based inks used in package printing contain glycol ethers and considerable levels of residual monomers.
Ethylene glycol (and more recently propylene glycol) have been found to be ideal at reducing the freeze point of water as well as increasing its boiling point.
Thermoplastic polyesters have hard segments based largely on crystalline tetramethylene terephthalate (4GT) repeat units and low Tg rubbery segments consisting of poly (tetramethylene oxide) glycol (PTMO) (ref.
* Polycarbonate - poly(hexamethylene carbonate) glycol.
Kessco fatty acid derivatives, usable as plasticizers, include n-butylstearate, butoxyethyl stearate, and glycerol mono-oleate, all of which are compatible with PS; diethylene glycol distearate, isopropyl myristate, and isopropyl palmitate, which are generally compatible with cellulose nitrate and ethyl cellulose; oleic and lauric acid esters, compatible with PVC; and PEG400 dilaurate, which may be used with PVC and PVC/vinyl acetate copolymers.
[ClickPress, Fri Apr 05 2019] "The general molecular formula of polyethylene glycol is H(OCH2CH2)nOH, where n is the number of ethylene glycol units present in the polyethylene glycol polymer.
This marketing agreement follows the start-up of Sasol's new ethylene oxide and ethylene glycol (EO/EG) units in Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA.
Propylene glycol is a clear, colorless, odorless compound commonly used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and food [1, 2].
Propylene-based glycols have low toxicity and are the ideal antifreeze additives for applications in the food and beverage industry and where user contact is a frequent occurrence.