(cerebroside and ganglioside), particularly cerebroside, has been proved to exhibit various physiological activities, including antitumor/cytotoxic (Natori et al., 1994; Jin et al., 1994; Li et al., 1995; Chen et al., 2009), antifungal (Jin et al., 1994), immunomodulatory, cyclooxygenase inhibitory, and antifouling activities (Mansoor et al., 2007).
echinulata was compared with the glycolipid
biosurfactant produced by other microorganisms and shows that the biosurfactant is in accordance with the glycolipid
reported in the literature [46, 47].
Since alteration in cell property is also linked to biofilm formation and adherence and as a known fact of matter outer portion of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are attached to the glycolipids
[30, 31], hence change in the composition of glycolipids
could change the formation of biofilm or adherence of mycobacterium.
TF[beta], Gal[beta]1- A constituent of human glycolipids
(GM1, 3GalNAc[beta] Gb5).
 Since sialic acids are major constituents of glycoproteins and glycolipids
, this study is concerned with TSA and/or LBSA levels.
In this regard, we have identified glycolipid
accumulation and, specifically, lyso-Gb3 accumulation as a driver of uPAR expression in podocytes (Figure 2).
These cells recognize lipids and glycolipids
presented by CD1d molecules .
Total lipids, glycolipids
, and phospholipids from grounded seeds were extracted according to Bligh and Dyer (1959) .
This "sugar" coating consists of several carbohydrate moieties of structural membrane glycolipids
and glycoproteins which serve as a backbone for support and cell-cell communication.
like lipoarabinomannan (LAM), lipomannans (LM), phosphatidylinositol mannosides (PIM2, PIM6), and a 19-kDa lipoprotein, are the mycobacterial PAMPs believed to cause M[PHI] activation via the TLR2 activating innate pathway by regulating tumour necrosis factor (TNF-[alpha]) and IL-10 secretion reported for human monocyte-derived M[PHI]s.
Stimulation of natural killer T cells by glycolipids
In the following sections, the response and role of the PM lipid species (i.e., phospholipids, glycolipids
, sterols, fatty acids) in adaptation to salt imposition are discussed.