glycaemic load

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glycaemic load (GL)

a measure of the impact of a given amount of food on blood glucose levels after it is eaten, relating to both the quality and quantity of the carbohydrate. It is calculated on the basis of the amount of carbohydrate in a serving:

GL = grams of available carbohydrate in sample x GI/100. There are three categories: low (0–10), medium (11–19) and high (20 or more). For example a GL of 6 has the same blood glucose response as 6 g of glucose. see GLYCAEMIC INDEX.

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
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The Glycemic Load (GL) measures the amount of carbohydrates in a single serving of food.
International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008.
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The glycemic load of food puts together its carbohydrate content and its glycemic index to give a more accurate estimate of how much it will affect blood glucose level.
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So glycemic load is a better indicator of how a carbohydrate food will affect blood sugar.
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Dietary glycemic load is based on the glycemic index of a food and the amount of carbohydrates in a serving.