Glucocorticoids


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Related to Glucocorticoids: cortisol, Corticosteroids

glucocorticoids

CORTISOL and other similar hormones produced by the outer zone (cortex) of the adrenal gland. The glucocorticoids suppress inflammation and convert AMINO ACIDS from protein breakdown into glucose, thus raising the blood sugar levels. Their effect is thus antagonistic to that of INSULIN.

Glucocorticoids

Any of a group of hormones (like cortisone) that influence many body functions and are widely used in medicine, such as for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis inflammation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 29072019 - Dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, may be more effective in protecting the auditory system when delivered during the active phase.
Professor Giussani and Ms Garrud point to research that suggests one likely culprit mechanism is the capacity of synthetic glucocorticoids to induce what is so-called 'oxidative stress', caused by an imbalance in the body of unstable atoms known as free radicals.
This is believed to be partially due to genetic factors that determine glucocorticoid sensitivity.
The crude incidence rate in those taking concomitant tofacitinib and glucocorticoids was 6 cases per 100 patient-years, compared with an incidence rate of 3.4 cases per 100 patient-years with tofacitinib monotherapy.
However, glucocorticoid resistance or GR[alpha] deficiency with lower GR[alpha] expression in the cytoplasm is a general phenomenon in systemic inflammation when a high dose of glucocorticoids is used for long time, especially in unresolved ARDS.
A number of epigenetic studies have examined the molecular consequences of exposure to stress or glucocorticoids, with potential implications for PTSD and AUD.
All-cause mortality was significantly lower in patients who received the inhaled glucocorticoid, although the authors said this finding was "fragile" and needed further investigation.
They discovered that the protein ignores the regular body clock cycle of glucocorticoid secretion and therefore the circadian cycle is responsible for regulating cellular fat.
Moreover, variations in endogenous glucocorticoids among mice contribute to heterogeneity in basal gene expression (see Figure S1).
Unlike NSAIDS, which block only prostaglandins, glucocorticoids not only inhibit prostaglandins but also thromboxanes and leukotrienes.14 Prednisolone inhibits phospholipase A2 and decrease leukotriene and prostaglandin synthesis, reducing chemotaxis of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
Jackson, M.D., from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, and colleagues studied 254 children aged 5 to 11 years with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma treated with systemic glucocorticoids. Children were treated with maintenance low-dose inhaled glucocorticoids for 48 weeks and were then randomized to continue to the same dose or a quintupled dose.

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