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Related to Glucocorticoids: cortisol, Corticosteroids


CORTISOL and other similar hormones produced by the outer zone (cortex) of the adrenal gland. The glucocorticoids suppress inflammation and convert AMINO ACIDS from protein breakdown into glucose, thus raising the blood sugar levels. Their effect is thus antagonistic to that of INSULIN.


Any of a group of hormones (like cortisone) that influence many body functions and are widely used in medicine, such as for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis inflammation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Like in our patient, the most commonly used glucocorticoid replacement regimen is in two daily doses of administration, with a half to two-thirds administered in the morning and second dose 6-8 hour after the first one to mimic the physiological cortisol secretion pattern.
Increasing lines of evidence indicate that the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is regulated not only by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling but also by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K).
Research with animals has shown that a long term exposure to glucocorticoids destroys the neurons located in the hippocampal formation by decreasing the entry of glucose and decreasing the reuptake of glutamate.
At very low doses, glucocorticoids may actually prevent bone loss in some RA patients because of their inhibitory effects on pro-inflammatory cytokines that modulate osteoclast activity as well as their beneficial effects on functional status, which promotes more weight-bearing activities.
By taking into account the daily rise and fall of cryptochrome levels, the scientists say, doctors might be able to better time administration of glucocorticoid drugs to avoid certain side effects related to sugar metabolism.
These findings suggest that the administration of glucocorticoids ameliorate PTSD symptoms and chronic anxiety by enhancing glucocorticoid signaling, thus inhibiting the retrieval of traumatic memories and enhancing fear extinction.
Therefore, receptor molecules which are potentially ready to bind therapeutically applied glucocorticoids were determined.
Glucocorticoids are highly lipophilic and enter airway cells to bind to intracellular receptors.
Interpretation & conclusions: The protocol used was safe and spared unnecessary use of glucocorticoids peri- and post-operatively.
Their effect is brought about by their anti-inflammatory and immuno suppressive properties but Hypothalamic Pituitary adrenal axis (HPA axis) support is a crucial rule of low dose glucocorticoids in stable RA14.
Sauvageau discovered that a class of steroid hormones called glucocorticoids thats selectively inhibits the growth of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells containing RUNX1 mutations in cell culture.

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