"Glottal Fry in College Aged Females: An Entrainment Phenomenon?" MS Tesis, Arizona State University, 2015, 30 pages; ProQuest 1681021975.
The communication phenomenon "conversational entrainment," described as the "propensity to modify one's behavior to align more closely with one's communication partner," is offered as a theoretical framework to explain the growth in the use of glottal fry in young women's speech.
Also known as the pulse register phonation or glottal fry
, vocal fry is a quality of the lowest registers of the human voice.
The growl can also emphasize pointed communication (without a stressful context), as if to say to the audience, "I don't care about my singing--I care that you connect with ["get"] what I'm saying." To train the growl, have the student execute a period of glottal fry
. Then have him/her coordinate sustained glottal fry
with pitch in a three-note scale (e.g., do, re, mi, re, do).
MYTH #2: THE CURE FOR GLOTTAL FRY IS A HIGHER PITCH
A common speaking voice quality in this culture is the Kim Kardashian form of glottal fry that drives us all crazy.
Glottal fry, also known as vocal fry, is a vocal production in which the irregularity of vocal fold vibrations results in the generation of a subharmonic, or what may be called "dicrotic vibration." (9) A complete discussion of this is beyond the scope of this article, but we can discuss the source of the confusion.
It does have a popping or frying sound, and hence it was historically also called glottal fry (a "frying" sound produced at the glottis).
The more common voice quality that we refer to as glottal fry or vocal fry is one in which there is some irregularity in vocal fold vibration that creates a subharmonic, that is, an irregular vibration that is slower than the fundamental frequency of vibration.
Truth #2: The cure for glottal fry is a well balanced phonatory system
During this stage of the program, the client should use forward speech placement in conversation, and glottal attacks and glottal fry should be strenuously avoided.
Using perceptual, videostroboscopic, acoustic, aerodynamic, and functional measurements, Sheng and colleagues found significant improvements in roughness, strain, monotone, resonance, hard attack, glottal fry, vocal fold pathology, mucosal wave, amplitude, vocal fold closure, and phonation threshold pressure.