Sakagami, "Effects of TiO2 nano glass ionomer cements
against normal and cancer oral cells," In Vivo, vol.
Reynolds, "The incorporation of casein phosphopeptide- amorphous calcium phosphate into a glass ionomer cement
", Dental Materials 27, 235-243 (2011).
Glass ionomer cements
as a restorative and preventive materials.
(10,11) However, conventional, chemically cured glass ionomer cements
tried as pit and fissure sealants generally exhibited a poor retention rate and are too viscous to penetrate deeply into narrow fissures.
Long-term antibacterial effects and physical properties of a chlorhexidine-containing glass ionomer cement
. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry 2008;20(1):29-44.
Caption: Figure 2: Postoperative radiograph presenting placement of the MTA and glass ionomer cement
(Fig.2: a,b,c) The first permanent molars were restored with glass ionomer cements
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first randomized clinical trial that evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of a desensitizing treatment with the resin-modified glass ionomer cement
(Clinpro XT) compared to a conventional GIC (Vidrion R).
Popular choices for IPC were Ca[(OH).sub.2] cement (CHC) (GD: 45%; PD: 18%) and either glass ionomer cement
or resin-modified glass ionomer cement
(GIC/RMGIC) (GD: 45%; PD: 58%).
In this study, the temperature increases induced during thermocure lamp setting reaction of a glass carbomer (Glass Fill) and induced by visible light curing of a resin-modified glass ionomer cement
(Fuji II LC) and a polyacid-modified composite resin (Dyract AP) in primary and permanent teeth were investigated (Table 1).
Restorative materials Total number of Number of failed restorations restorations Amalgam restorations 46 6 Composite restorations 611 139 Glass ionomer cement
39 4 Stainless steel crowns 289 11 Restorative materials Failure rate (%) Post hoc Amalgam restorations 13.0 c Composite restorations 22.7 Glass ionomer cement
10.2 Stainless steel crowns 3.8 e Statistically significant at P < 0.01; Pearson's chi-square test.
Since the discovery of glass ionomer cement
(GIC) by Wilson and Kent  the family of GICs have evolved into a diverse group of dental materials that include direct restoratives, luting cements, liners, bases, atraumatic restoratives, and pit and fissure sealants .