Giraffinae includes the genus Giraffa, and the subfamily Sivatheriinae is represented by Sivatherium, Bramatherium, Helladotherium, Hydaspitherium and 2007).
Giraffa punjabiensis (Giraffidae: Mammalia) from Middle Siwaliks of Pakistan.
The lower premolars are very close to the species Giraffa punjabiensis regarding the size.
Genus Giraffa is placed in the subfamily Giraffinae.
Key words: Mammalia, Vertebrates, Giraffa priscilla, Miocene, Siwaliks.
Different species of Giraffa have been reported from Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania during Neogene and Quaternary (Geraads, 1987, 1988; Geraads et al.
2005: Social influences on vigilance behaviour in giraffes, Giraffa
The living analogues for browsers are a giraffid; Giraffa
camelopardalis Linnaeus (1758) and a cervid; Capreolus capreolus Linnaeus (1758).
The Siwalik middle Miocene small forms include the genera Giraffokeryx and Giraffa
, while the late Miocene large forms include the genera Bramatherium, Hydaspitherium and Sivatherium (Bhatti, 2005).
Giraffokeryx punjabiensis, Giraffa
priscilla (Matthew, 1929; Colbert, 1933, 1935; Pilgrim, 1937, 1939; Raza, 1983; Akhtar 1992; Barry et al.
The small giraffids found in the Lower and Middle Siwaliks include Giraffokeryx and Giraffa
(Colbert, 1935; Bhatti, 2005).