Gentleman Scientist

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A post-Renaissance term for a financially-independent person who can study scientific phenomena as a hobby
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Joseph Banks, gentleman scientist, taking part in Captain James Cook's epic voyage aboard The Endeavour, was spellbound by sight of natives riding their canoes in the surf.
It was also that gentleman scientist who championed sharing technological knowledge.
but that was a mark of the character of the gentleman scientist with whom I would have countless interactions over the years to come.
The limelight effect was originally discovered in the 1820s by Sir Goldsworthy Gurney, a prototypical British gentleman scientist and inventor of the Victorian era.
Charles Darwin often expressed gratitude for being able to be a gentleman scientist with no need for an institutional affiliation.