gentian

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gentian

 [jen´shan]
the dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea.
gentian violet an antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic dye, applied topically in the treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes associated with gram-positive bacteria and molds and also used to treat banked blood drawn from patients in areas endemic for Chagas' disease, to kill trypanosomes in the blood.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn, gen'shŭn rūt),
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.

gentian

(jĕn′shən)
n.
1. Any of numerous plants of the family Gentianaceae and especially the genus Gentiana, characteristically having opposite leaves and showy, often blue flowers.
2. The dried rhizome and roots of a yellow-flowered European gentian, G. lutea, sometimes used as a tonic.

gentian

A perennial herb that contains gentiopicrin, gentiamarin, gentisin, gentianose, triterpenes, volatile oil and xanthones.
 
Chinese medicine
Gentian root is anti-inflammatory and antipyretic, and is used to treat cholecystitis, diabetes mellitus, diarrhoea, gallstones, jaundice, and ocular and rheumatic pain. 

Herbal medicine
Gentian is used in Western herbal medicine as a digestive tonic to increase the appetite, peristalsis and flow of bile.
 
Toxic effects
Vomiting.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn rūt)
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the past 18 months, they have been part of a management scheme drawn up by the landowners, in partnership with the Countryside Council for Wales, to halt the decline and increase the number of Marsh Gentian.
As this group of Gentians form low mats perhaps 2ins tall, a slightly raised bed filled with a mix of well rotted cow manure, garden soil and Ericaceous compost would be in order.
Gentians bring out the collector in most gardeners.
This study can provide a good basis for identifying the gentian seeds and large-scale breeding and cultivation.
In recent years, rapidly increasing demand and excessive excavation results in less large-leaved gentian wild resources (Ma, 2005), therefore it has been listed as one of the nationally particularly protected wild herbs.
Therefore, it is of important application value for guiding the production to study the basic characteristics and germination influence factors of large-leaved gentian seeds.
The tested seeds were collected from medicinal large-leaved gentian base during October, 2014 in Longde city of Ningxia (106*11N-35*63E).
Finally, the sample was moved into the electron microscope room and the ultrastructure of large-leaved gentian seeds was observed under the accelerating voltage.
Determination of 1000-seed Weight and Vitality of Gentian Seeds
The full and uniform large-leaved gentian seeds were selected and stored at 25,4 and -20degC respectively.
The large-leaved gentian seeds were brown, red brown or light brown, oblong or narrow oblong and glossy (Fig.
Thousand Seed Weight and Vitality of Large-leaved Gentian Seeds