gentian

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gentian

 [jen´shan]
the dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea.
gentian violet an antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic dye, applied topically in the treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes associated with gram-positive bacteria and molds and also used to treat banked blood drawn from patients in areas endemic for Chagas' disease, to kill trypanosomes in the blood.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn, gen'shŭn rūt),
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.

gentian

(jĕn′shən)
n.
1. Any of numerous plants of the family Gentianaceae and especially the genus Gentiana, characteristically having opposite leaves and showy, often blue flowers.
2. The dried rhizome and roots of a yellow-flowered European gentian, G. lutea, sometimes used as a tonic.

gentian

A perennial herb that contains gentiopicrin, gentiamarin, gentisin, gentianose, triterpenes, volatile oil and xanthones.
 
Chinese medicine
Gentian root is anti-inflammatory and antipyretic, and is used to treat cholecystitis, diabetes mellitus, diarrhoea, gallstones, jaundice, and ocular and rheumatic pain. 

Herbal medicine
Gentian is used in Western herbal medicine as a digestive tonic to increase the appetite, peristalsis and flow of bile.
 
Toxic effects
Vomiting.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn rūt)
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inhibitory effects of the Gentiana macrophylla (Gentianaceae) extract on rheumatoid arthritis of rats.
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81660638) and Key Project of Yunnan Provincial Natural Science Foundation (targeted and nontargeted metabonomics study for accumulation of active ingredients and distribution diversity in Gentiana rigescens).
Asimismo, se hace evidente una mayor cobertura de Pycnophyllum sp, y la aparicion de Aciachne pulvinata y Gentiana sedifolia.
Vender, "Use of morphological features and amarogentin content for characterization of wild yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea L.) populations in north-east Italy," Acta Botanica Gallica, vol.
The plant material for Gentiana kurroo Royle was procured from subalpine region in Dachigam, identified in the Centre of Plant Taxonomy (COPT), Department of Botany, University of Kashmir.
fallax Globularia repens 2 + + Euphorbia chamaebitxits + + + + Poa alpina + + + 1 Silene ciliata + Alchemilla alpigena + + Plantago alpina Gentianella campestris Festuca burnatii + 1 1 + + 1 Helianthemum urrielense Releve number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Juniperus alpina 1 Viola rupestris Potentilla crantzii + Gentiana occidentalis + + Seditm atratum + Eryngium bourgatii 1 1 Genista legionensis 4 Erigeron alpinus lberis carnosa Ranunculus carinthiacus Agrostis schleicheri Astragalus depressus Hippocrepis comosa Draba dedeana Ranunculus parnassiifolius subsp.
His own personal favourites for each season, which are easily grown in this country and will add both colour and texture to the garden scene, include Cornus sanguinea 'Winter Flame' in winter; Scilla siberica, Helleborus nigra and Fritillaria meleagris 'Alba' in spring; Dicentra Formosa 'Aurora', Iris sibirica 'Silver Edge', Paeonia 'White Wings', Rosa moyesii 'Nevada' and Phlox paniculata 'Rosa Pastell' in summer; and Anemone 'Honorine Jobert' and Gentiana makinoi in autumn.
by Andreas Hemming, Gentiana Kera and Enriketa Pandelejmoni.
One report described antiproliferative activity of Gentiana triflora root extract on cultured and implanted tumor cells [29].
An example is Gentiana kurroo Royle (Gentianaceae)--a plant which is used both as an astringent and as a blood purifier (Behera and Raina, 2012).