A particular strain of yeast can be genetically manipulated
to create polymers, or plastics, used for 3D printing, as well as Omega 3s, which lower heart disease risk, and protect skin and hair, Mark Blenner, professor at Clemson, was quoted as saying in a Quartz report.
Dillin and his team found that mice genetically manipulated
to lack TRPV1 receptors lived, on average, nearly four months - or about 14 percent - longer than normal mice.
When researchers genetically manipulated
the mice to turn on the regeneration signals, nail stem cells alone could spur digit regeneration even without the neighboring nail tissue zone.
There is a growing desire among global consumers for healthy and organic produce instead of genetically manipulated
crops, as witnessed by the May protests worldwide against Monsanto.
The issue of labeling foods that have been, or contain ingredients that have been, genetically manipulated
to resist insects or enable a longer shelf life, for instance, has gained significant momentum in New England recently.
Crops could be treated with fungicides, or they could be genetically manipulated
to resist mould.
The UCL team, led by Dr David Gems, genetically manipulated
nematodes so that their bodies were able to "mop up" surplus free radicals.
However, genetically manipulated
cells from adults may provide a path to study stem cells that avoid any ethical concerns.
food crops are not fit for human consumption and should not be classified as food.
Jones says that genetic engineering programs are trying to "isolate the genes that allow some varieties to do well under these conditions and see if they can be bred or genetically manipulated
into other varieties."
This year's prefactory article, "It Is a Long Way to Genetically Manipulated
Agriculture," is by Marc van Montagu (plant biotechnology and genetics, Ghent U., Belgium).
Penn says the wider clinical application of bone marrow cell therapy could begin within three to five years, "pending FDA approval of a specific stem cell type, strategy or gene, like SDF-1, or widespread adoption of the techniques needed to use autologous cells (cells harvested and possibly genetically manipulated
before being returned to their original donor)."