epistasis

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Related to Genetic interaction: epistasis

epistasis

 [ĕ-pis´tah-sis]
1. suppression of a secretion or excretion, as of blood, menses, or lochia.
2. the interaction between genes at different loci, as a result of which one hereditary character is unexpressed, or is masked by the superimposition of another upon it. See also dominance. adj., adj epistat´ic.

e·pis·ta·sis

(e-pis'tă-sis),
1. The formation of a pellicle or scum on the surface of a liquid, especially as on standing urine.
2. Phenotypic interaction of nonallelic genes.
3. A form of gene interaction whereby one gene masks or interferes with the phenotypic expression of one or more genes at other loci; the gene the express phenotype of which is said to be "epistatic," whereas the phenotype altered or suppressed is then said to be "hypostatic."
Synonym(s): epistasy
[G. scum; epi- + G. stasis, a standing]

epistasis

(ĭ-pĭs′tə-sĭs)
n. pl. epista·ses (-sēz′)
1. An interaction between nonallelic genes in which the genotype at one locus affects the expression of alleles at another locus.
2. A film that forms over the surface of a urine specimen.
3. The suppression of a bodily discharge or secretion.

ep′i·stat′ic (ĕp′ĭ-stăt′ĭk) adj.

e·pis·ta·sis

(e-pis'tă-sis)
1. The formation of a pellicle or scum on the surface of a liquid, especially on standing urine.
2. Phenotypic interaction of nonallelic genes.
3. A form of gene interaction whereby one gene masks or interferes with the phenotypic expression of one or more genes at other loci; the gene with the expressed phenotype is said to be epistatic, the phenotype altered or suppressed is then said to be hypostatic.
[G. scum; epi- + G. stasis, a standing]
Epistasisclick for a larger image
Fig. 152 Epistasis . The interaction of genes A and B.

epistasis

a form of genetic interaction in which one gene interferes with the expression of another gene, as when, for example, genes A and B code for enzymes active in the same PATHWAY. See Fig. 152 . If both ALLELES of gene A code for a nonfunctional version of enzyme A, then the pathway will shut down, irrespective of which B alleles are present, i.e. gene A is epistatic to gene B. Compare DOMINANT EPISTASIS, RECESSIVE EPISTASIS.

e·pis·ta·sis

(e-pis'tă-sis)
Formation of a pellicle or scum on the surface of a liquid, especially as on standing urine.
[G. scum; epi- + G. stasis, a standing]
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