genetic disorder

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genetic disorder

n.
A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.

ge·net·ic dis·or·der

(jĕ-net'ik dis-ōr'dĕr)
A widely used but nonetheless imprecise term that denotes a condition or illness related to biologic inheritance.

Patient discussion about genetic disorder

Q. what makes Arthritis a genetic disease?

A. First of all, the term arthritis is a bit inaccurate: Arthritis denotes an inflammation of joints. There are many kinds of arthritis that may result from different causes, and therefore, are different diseases: septic arthritis (inflammation due to infection of joint) has much less genetic background than ankylosing spondylitis (an arthritis of the lower back joints that occurs almost exclusively in people with certain genetic background).

The arthritis with the genetic background are usually the autoimmune ones: Due to genetic determinants, the immune system of some people is programmed to recognize the various parts of the joints (and other organs as well) as foreign (i.e. like bacteria) and thus launches an attack on them. In normal immune system, that doesn't happen.

You may read more here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autoimmune_disease

Q. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? My only son is in his teens that is the age to enjoy life, but he cannot enjoy his life with his friends because we found that he is suffering from a bipolar condition. I feel so sad for him and though my care-free days have gone, I often think about how much fun I had at his age. I too suffered from a bipolar disorder and my mom too. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? I want him to help to enjoy his life.

A. I agree with you. No one should suffer because of hereditary problems. This is the same situation here as genes are passed from generation to generation. This information is inconclusive because many who may have had bipolar disorders did not have it checked out. Who is to say, how many people 50 years ago had it but dismissed it as being moody, or ill tempered. Doctors were not aware about this problem years ago. Some time back, someone who showed signs of a mental disorder was straight away shoved into a mental hospital and left to suffer. Besides they are often treated with electric shock therapy eventually getting out of control. Testing is still in progress to find out if genetics play a role but these theories may take several more years before they can have a better understanding.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7uKg7ujoig&eurl=http://www.imedix.com/health_community/vf7uKg7ujoig_film_mental_illness_released_strive_happiness?q=bipolar%20disease%&feature=player_embedded

Q. Is FMS heredetery? My mother was diagnosed with FMS and I would like to know what are the chances I’ll have it too.

A. Hereditary is not the right term. It’s not a genetic disease but The cause of fibromyalgia remains elusive. However, recent studies show that genetic factors can predispose individuals to a genetic susceptibility to fibromyalgia.

More discussions about genetic disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Setmelanotide is a potent, first-in-class MC4R agonist in development for the treatment of obesity caused by genetic deficiencies in the MC4 pathway, a key biological pathway in humans that regulates weight by increasing energy expenditure and reducing appetite.
Alzheimer disease is the most common and important degenerative disease of brain.1,2 Several theories have been raised for Alzheimer disease including genetic deficiencies, slowly-progressive viral diseases, neutrophilic factors deficiencies, amyloid, free radicals, mitochondrial deficiencies and glutamate poisoning.3,4
The study, led by scientists the University of Toronto and published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, predicts that organisms with such genetic deficiencies could experience an increased number of mutations in their DNA, relative to individuals with high-quality genes.
"Urea cycle disorders are genetic deficiencies of liver function, which mostly affect newborns and oftentimes cause catastrophic neurological injury," Dr.
We explore the genetic deficiencies and biological tendencies that predispose one toward obesity.
Some 50 other diseases, including Tay-Sachs, result from similar genetic deficiencies in lipid metabolism.
This means great advantages to those parents who know they will almost inevitably pass on genetic deficiencies to their unborn children.
The severe form of the genetic deficiencies is associated with fasting plasma homocysteine levels above 100 [micro]mol/L.
According to author Gillham, Galton would have been horrified by the implementation of eugenics in the twentieth century - 400,000 people were sterilised in Nazi Germany and over 60,000 were sterilised in America due to their supposed genetic deficiencies.