genetic disorder

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genetic disorder

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ge·net·ic dis·or·der

(jĕ-net'ik dis-ōr'dĕr)
A widely used but nonetheless imprecise term that denotes a condition or illness related to biologic inheritance.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about genetic disorder

Q. what makes Arthritis a genetic disease?

A. First of all, the term arthritis is a bit inaccurate: Arthritis denotes an inflammation of joints. There are many kinds of arthritis that may result from different causes, and therefore, are different diseases: septic arthritis (inflammation due to infection of joint) has much less genetic background than ankylosing spondylitis (an arthritis of the lower back joints that occurs almost exclusively in people with certain genetic background).

The arthritis with the genetic background are usually the autoimmune ones: Due to genetic determinants, the immune system of some people is programmed to recognize the various parts of the joints (and other organs as well) as foreign (i.e. like bacteria) and thus launches an attack on them. In normal immune system, that doesn't happen.

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Q. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? My only son is in his teens that is the age to enjoy life, but he cannot enjoy his life with his friends because we found that he is suffering from a bipolar condition. I feel so sad for him and though my care-free days have gone, I often think about how much fun I had at his age. I too suffered from a bipolar disorder and my mom too. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? I want him to help to enjoy his life.

A. I agree with you. No one should suffer because of hereditary problems. This is the same situation here as genes are passed from generation to generation. This information is inconclusive because many who may have had bipolar disorders did not have it checked out. Who is to say, how many people 50 years ago had it but dismissed it as being moody, or ill tempered. Doctors were not aware about this problem years ago. Some time back, someone who showed signs of a mental disorder was straight away shoved into a mental hospital and left to suffer. Besides they are often treated with electric shock therapy eventually getting out of control. Testing is still in progress to find out if genetics play a role but these theories may take several more years before they can have a better understanding.

Q. Is FMS heredetery? My mother was diagnosed with FMS and I would like to know what are the chances I’ll have it too.

A. Hereditary is not the right term. It’s not a genetic disease but The cause of fibromyalgia remains elusive. However, recent studies show that genetic factors can predispose individuals to a genetic susceptibility to fibromyalgia.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Nature has a built-in mechanism against passing along serious genetic defects to the next generation," said Dr.
However, * Genetic defects in identified seven main after a couple of cloned animals.
There are, to be sure, some diseases directly caused by specific genetic defects. For example, unless they die of something else first, all persons who have more than 40 repeats of cytosine-adenine-guanine on the short end of chromosome 4 will ultimately die of Huntington's Disease.
Patent and Trademark Office issued a notice of allowance dealing with an invention that has numerous applications, including nucleic acid detection, quantification and purification, and determining genetic defects and mutations.
I admit that this miracle only happened because we are from a country that lacks the facilities to detect genetic defects and easily eliminate a pregnancy.
Vitamin E, in leafy greens and nuts, may protect against genetic defects that increase cancer risk.
I was confused by the fact that the sum of genetic defects in inherited thrombophilia plus the cases with unknown cause add up to 109.7% (Table 1 of reference 1).
Not like those pigmented genetic defects throttled tied by their own chromosomes.
Now the focus of the research is switching to Harvard, where the genetic defects will be inserted into healthy cells in an attempt to study their impact on carbohydrate metabolism.
To understand which ones they are, the researchers systematically search in publicly available databases and create a list of known genetic defects. Upon completion, several hundred genetic irregularities typically still remain in the patient's genome as candidates for the cause of the disease.
About half of the cases of congenital hearing loss are caused by genetic defects. However, the current treatment options-hearing amplification devices and cochlear implants-do not restore hearing to normal levels.