general intelligence factor

(redirected from General intellectual ability)

general intelligence factor

Abbreviation: g
The hypothetical common feature identified by all intelligence (IQ) tests. The concept of general intelligence was developed by Charles Spearman, a British psychologist and statistician, who noticed that students who do well in one subject tend to do well in all school subjects and that students who do poorly in one field of study also lag behind in others. He proposed that the general ability to master academic material was due to superior general intelligence and that specific cognitive talents correlated with overall intellectual superiority. This concept, like many others in the field of psychometrics and intelligence testing, is controversial.
See also: factor
References in periodicals archive ?
This hot/cool distinction has been applied to the development of executive functions in children (Hongwanishku et al., 2005); it was observed that, whereas cool (metacognitive) executive functions significantly correlated with general intellectual ability ("intelligence"), hot (emotional/ motivational) executive functions are not related to general intellectual functioning (verbal mental age and performance mental age).
This research supported the GAMA as a measure of broad general intellectual ability, as measured by the Wonderlic and Shipley.
Luke Schneider, research officer, said that the results of their study has provided further proof that those born at term tend to have better cognitive abilities, such as working memory, brain processing efficiency and general intellectual ability, but the postnatal environment seemed to be playing an important role in whether or not a preterm child is able to overcome that initial risk of reduced brain development.
Analyses of large, nationally representative, longitudinal data sets from the United States and the United Kingdom revealed that elementary school students' knowledge of fractions and of division uniquely predicts those students' knowledge of algebra and overall mathematics achievement in high school, 5 or 6 years later, even after statistically controlling for other types of mathematical knowledge, general intellectual ability, working memory, and family income and education.
The Marland definition of giftedness evolved to include those students who demonstrate (a) general intellectual ability, (b) specific academic aptitude, (c) creative or productive thinking skills, (d) leadership ability or potential, or (e) ability or potential in the arts (Marland, 1972; P.
Among the 12 are the closest human ancestors, development as the target of evolution, general intellectual ability, and the evolution of mating between sexes.
Children exposed to relatively high levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can have deficits in general intellectual ability, poor short-term memory, and short attention span.
Knowledge of a child's general intellectual ability may provide information useful for diagnosis and some decisionmaking.
In fact, the most distinctive feature of dyslexia is that a person's reading and writing skills do not measure up to his or her general intellectual ability.
general intellectual ability, referring to the ability to think abstractly and to solve problems as measured by IQ tests;
Therefore, this is circumstantial evidence that a large proportion of the gender difference in a measure of fluid general intellectual ability; the AH 4(1) test, can be explained in terms of another factor, acquired vocabulary; that more directly reflects educational opportunities and lifetime career prospects.
The gifted and talented are those who demonstrate high achievement or potential in "general intellectual ability, specific academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership ability, visual and performing arts ...

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