General systems theory
provides a direct theoretical premise that explains why smaller group sizes, flexibility for individuals to perform at their own level without detracting from the group, rewards for improvement on an individual level, and the presence of a hierarchical structure works to facilitate individual factors that lead to increased participation in LTPA by people with disabilities.
Our purpose here is to use the concept of system regulators from general systems theory
as a metaphor for framing the management, within the farm system, of external environmental inputs (von Bertalanffy, 1969a; Atkinson and Checkland, 1988; Lissack, 1997).
foundation for the development of general systems theory
A general systems theory
of marriage: nonlinear difference equation modeling of marital interaction.
The future examined in this paper will necessarily have to include aspects of the future of systems analysis and systems theory even though it intends to focus on general systems theory
for two reasons.
But I pointed out to him that this was the three decade old concept of 'equifinality' first popularized in general systems theory
The Science of Synthesis: Exploring the Social Implications of General Systems Theory
of New Hampshire) was among the first to apply concepts of general systems theory
His Applied General Systems Theory
(Harper & Row, 1974) became my 'introductory Bible'.
In this respect it can be mentioned that Richardson in a pioneering work with a platform in Skyttner's General Systems Theory
: Ideas and Applications has treated a number of general systems theory
laws and principles and linked these in a convincing way to current development and findings in complexity theory (Skyttner, 2001), (Richardson, 2004a, 2004b, 2005b, 2007).
Corresponding to the three systems movements abroad--the first movement represented by general systems theory
, cybernetics and information theory (1940s-1960s); the second movement represented by dissipative structure theory, synergetics, hypercycle theory and catastrophe theory (1970s-1980s); and the third movement represented by chaos theory, fractal theory and studies of complex systems (1990s and after)--there are also three waves in China's systems movement.
General systems theory
developed by Bertalanfy has formed a connection in the transformation from the thinking pattern of modernism to that of postmodernism.