general system theory


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general system theory

The theory that all living systems are open systems constantly exchanging information, matter, and energy with the environment. There are three levels of reference for systems: the system level on which one is focusing, (such as a person); the suprasystems level above the focal system, (such as a person's family, community, and culture); and the subsystem, which is below the focal system, (such as the bodily systems and the cell). The theory suggests that the treatment of people is more important than the treatment of illnesses.
See: holistic medicine
See also: theory
References in periodicals archive ?
On the role of general system theory for functional neuroimaging.
General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications, 14th paperback printing, revised edition, 2003, Braziller: New York.
The Principles of General System Theory: Logical-Methodological Analyze, Jia Z (trans.
From the point of view of the scientific principle, there are still some theoretical problems which merit deep-going discussing both in Bertalanfy's 'general system theory' and in Qian's 'theory of engineering systems'.
The second wave of the systems movement was the interdisciplinary research arising after the World War II, with General System Theory and Cybernetics as the theoretical basis, and with the help of Information Theory, Operational Research, Systems Analysis and some applied subjects.
Professor van Gigch will be remembered for his pioneering work on general system theory and the development of his own 'metasystems' paradigm.
Milestones in the Evolution of the Systems Approach in General and System Dynamics in Particular * Foundations of General System Theory Von Bertalanffy Zu einer allgemeinen Systemlehre 1945 An Outline of General System Theory 1950 General System Theory 1968 Von Bertalanffy, Boulding, Foundation of the Society for General 1953 Gerard, Rapoport Systems Research Klir An Approach to General System Theory 1969 Simon The Sciences of the Artificial 1969 Pichler Mathematische Systemtheorie 1975 Miller Living Systems 1978 Mesarovic and Takahara Abstract Systems Theory 1985 Rapoport General System Theory 1986 Foundations of Cybernetics Macy Conferences Cybernetics.

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