Gene Doping

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(1) Modifying a person's genetic makeup so that the body produces more hormones or other natural substances that improve athletic performance
(2) Using genes or gene derivatives for the purpose of increasing muscle mass
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References in periodicals archive ?
the 2016 Rio Olympics for Erythro-poietin ("EPo") gene doping,
Gene doping is the misuse of gene therapy - a technique where genetic material is inserted into human cells.
DNA without non-coding elements that has leaked into plasma is evidence of gene doping. Other potential detection methods, likely to be implemented in the near future, could identify traces of the viral vector or detect activating substances used to enhance activity of the newly introduced gene.
Period Years Substances to identify Early Age 1970 Stimulants, narcotics, drugs of abuse Androgenic Anabolic Mid 1970- Synthetic anabolic androgenic Steroid Age 2000 steroids, beta/blockers, diuretic, cannabinoids, glucocorticoids, human chorionic gonadotropin, endogenous testosterone and/ or precursor, erythropoietin and analogs Protein Chemistry 2000-2005 Designer steroids, hormone and and Molecular hormone receptors modulators biology Age 2003-2008 Blood doping 2005-2008 Peptide hormones Gene Doping Age 2008-present No substances but cells, genes, genetics elements, modulation of gene expression Table 2: Percentage of doped athletes over the years.
(190.) See Joe Fore, Moving Beyond "Gene Doping": Preparing for Genetic Modification in Sport, 15 Va.
At the present, one of the prime candidates for gene doping is myostatin.
But now the super-human performances of Team China 2012 have raised speculation about a new form of performance enhancement with sinister echoes of Nazi Germany's eugenics policies - gene doping Scientists say it is theoretically possible to interfere with human DNA to boost power and endurance.
On the other hand, in the field of sports, anti-doping authorities fear that "gene doping" will become a means by which athletes can improve their performance (Schneider and Friedmann, 2006).
So says Mauro Giacca of theInternational Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in Trieste, Italy, who was asked by the World Anti-Doping Agency to look into how to screen for gene doping.
"We have secured a number of expert speakers in their fields including Dr Patrick Diel from Cologne University in Germany who will speak about gene doping, while Steve Karamatic from Sandown Park in Australia will present the Australian track vet scene."
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Scientists developed a blood test that can reliably detect gene doping even after 56 days.
When it comes to performance-enhancing drugs, gene doping, and the panoply of manipulations banned widely in sports, the challenge is less about fairness than about meaning.