Gender Verification

Sex chromosome testing in the Olympic Games, to prevent genetic males from masquerading as females in womens’ events
References in periodicals archive ?
In the build-up to the 2009 world championships in Berlin, where Semenya went on to win gold in the 800m, the South African had to undergo gender verification testing to confirm her eligibility to compete in the women's category.She was subsequently put on medication to reduce her testosterone levels, spending six months sidelined by the IAAF.
Semenya has battled track authorities for the right to run in what she describes as her natural form for a decade, ever since she was subjected to gender verification tests by the IAAF in 2009 when she won her first world title at the age of 18.
Aged just 18, she achieved that feat despite the emotional strain caused by international media speculation about a gender verification test following complaints from rivals about her muscular build.
Aged just 18, she achieved that feat despite the emotional strain caused by media speculation about a gender verification test following complaints from rivals about her muscular build.
Transgender rights: SC tells NADRA to amend gender verification process
Debates over gender verification differ not only in the criteria for femaleness, but also in the temporal criteria for determination.
To paraphrase reporting from the Globe and Mail newspaper at the time, the Court said "the requirement that an athlete's natural testosterone fall within parameters arbitrarily determined to be normal for women was discriminatory (gender verification is never applied to male athletes, who can have any level of testosterone) and could not be justified, even in the interest of fair play".
Although she qualified for the 1966 Asian Games, she reportedly opted out of the national track team because she could not take the insult of undergoing gender verification tests.
Santhi Soundarajan was stripped of her 800m silver medal from the 2006 Asian Games after being forced to undergo invasive and humiliating gender verification tests -- a devastating turn of events that drove her to attempt suicide.
Mary Peters, pentathlon gold medallist in Munich 1972, described her gender verification test as "the most crude and degrading experience I have ever known", adding: "The doctors proceeded to undertake an examination, which, in modern parlance, was a grope."
Sandra Kirby chronicles the evolution of gender verification in her compelling piece "In Women's Sport, Who Are The Women?" About the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico, she writes: "Someone skilled at viewing anatomical sex checked out the genitalia of each athlete as she walked by in a nude parade."
The topics include athletic heroic acts and living on the moral edge, the framing of Marion Jones as golden girl and American fraud, gender verification and South Africa's Caster Semenya, postcolonial cricket celebrity Harbhajan Singh and the revenge narratives, and sportcasters falling from grace and saving face.

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