Wintergreen

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Related to Gaultheria procumbens: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Chinese medicine Japanese wax privet, Ligustrum japonicum
Fringe medicine Wintergreen oil is believed to be useful by aromatherapists for the common cold, headaches, and chronic pain
Herbal medicine Gaultheria procumbens, boxberry, checkerberry, creeping wintergreen, mountain tea, partridgeberry, teaberry An evergreen shrub, up to 99% methyl salicylate by weight. It was traditionally used as an analgesic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, and tonic. It has been used as a folk remedy against colic, headaches, body aches and pains, inflammations, rheumatism, sore throats, skin diseases, and tooth decay for muscle
Toxicity Because of its high concentration of methyl salicylate, wintergreen oil is too toxic for practical use and should not be ingested internally
Pharmacology The wintergreen now used as an artificial flavour in a vast array of products—from chewing gum, mints and candies to smokeless tobacco—comes from young twigs and bark of the sweet or black birch tree, Betula lenta of the Betulaceae family
References in periodicals archive ?
This hypothesis is consistent with the observation that species characteristic of unplowed sites on Montague Plain (e.g., Gaultheria procumbens, Viburnum cassinoides and others) are widely distributed on former pastures, plowed sites, and historical woodlots in more mesic sites (D.
Gaultheria procumbens (checkerberry), prevailing everywhere in woods along banks of rivers.
Some of my favourites are: winter-flowering pompom daisies (Bellis), ornamental cabbages, Gaultheria procumbens with its bright red berries, miniature conifers, Euonymus fortunei Silver Queen or Emerald Gaiety, variegated hebe, Helleborus niger (the Christmas rose and its many pretty varieties), winter-flowering heathers and universal pansies.
With a dwarf, rounded habit, gaultheria procumbens - Partridge Berry as it is commonly known - makes the perfect container specimen.
With a dwarf, rounded habit, Gaultheria procumbens, to give it its formal name, makes an ideal container specimen.