Gastroesophageal reflux


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reflux

 [re´fluks]
a backward or return flow; see also backflow and regurgitation (def. 1).
esophageal reflux (gastroesophageal reflux) reflux of the stomach contents into the esophagus.
hepatojugular reflux distention of the jugular vein induced by applying manual pressure over the liver; it suggests insufficiency of the right heart.
intrarenal reflux reflux of urine into the renal parenchyma.
vesicoureteral reflux (vesicoureteric reflux) backward flow of urine from the bladder into a ureter.

e·soph·a·ge·al re·flux

, gastroesophageal reflux
regurgitation of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus, possibly into the pharynx where they can be aspirated between the vocal cords and down into the trachea; symptoms of burning pain and acid taste result; pulmonary complications of aspiration depend on the amount, content, and acidity of the aspirate.

gastroesophageal reflux

Gastroenterology A backflow of stomach content into the lower esophagus, causing heartburn, esophageal scarring and stricture, which requires stretching/bougienage–dilating of the esophagus

Gastroesophageal reflux

Condition in which stomach acid backs up into the esophagus.
Mentioned in: Cough, Heartburn

e·soph·a·ge·al re·flux

, gastroesophageal reflux (ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl rē'flŭks, gas'trō-ĕ-sof'ă-jē-ăl)
Regurgitation of stomach contents into esophagus, possibly into pharynx where they can be aspirated between vocal cords and into trachea; symptoms of burning pain and acid taste result; pulmonary complications of aspiration depend on the amount, content, and acidity of aspirate.

Patient discussion about Gastroesophageal reflux

Q. Baby with Gastro esophageal Reflux... I have a baby with Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease, should I worry that she will have autism? I want to clarify my doubt to be more overcautious. Kindly guide me!

Q. how do you deal with a mild case of acid reflux

A. You can start with life style changes: if you have symptoms during the night, you can try to elevate the head of your bed. You can try to avoid foods that induce reflux: fatty foods, chocolate, peppermint, and excessive alcohol. Cola, red wine, and orange juice are very acidic, so it would be wise to avoid them too, In addition to these, you can try to use a diary to reveal which kind of food causes symptoms and avoid it.

Try to refrain from lying down immediately after a meal, or eating just before bedtime. Overweight is a risk factor for reflux, so if it's relevant weight reduction is also recommended.

If you feel heartburn, you may chew in order to increase salivation and thus alleviate the symptoms. Smoking has a negative effect on salivation, so smoking cessation is also recommended.

And that's before we even mentioned OTC drugs...

Q. is there anything to cure G.E.R.D. instead of taking pills daily?

A. there is no known way to "cure" but it can be manageable. there's a somewhat new procedure -An endoscope. Using this scope, doctors can treat the lower part of the esophagus to improve how it works. These nonsurgical procedures are somewhat new. There is not enough scientific evidence yet to talk about how well they work.
here is a nice tutorial about it:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/uppergiendoscopy/htm/lesson.htm

and of course you can avoid some types of food and habits (sorry...long and tasty list...):
http://heartburn.about.com/cs/dietfood/a/heartburnfoods3.htm

More discussions about Gastroesophageal reflux
References in periodicals archive ?
Kahrilas, "Gastroesophageal reflux disease," The New England Journal of Medicine, vol.
Clinical manifestations and complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
The montreal definition and classification of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a global evidence-based consensus.
Dental erosion and salivary flow rate in cerebral palsy individuals with gastroesophageal reflux. J Oral Pathol Med.
Esophageal dysmotility and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease: From pathophysiology to treatment.
A systematic review of nonpharmacological and nonsurgical therapies for gastroesophageal reflux in infants.
Esophageal manometry and pH-probe monitoring in the evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis.
US and European gastroenterologists here present clinicians a practical manual to managing gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been defined in the Montreal Consensus Report as a chronic condition that develops when the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus in significant quantities causes troublesome symptoms with or without mucosal erosions and/or relevant complications [1].
Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease in patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial disease.
- A Food and Drug Administration advisory panel unanimously agreed in a 9-0 vote that a laparoscopically implanted device designed to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease has a favorable risk-benefit profile, providing patients who do not get adequate relief from antireflux medications an alternative to more invasive surgery.