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Allium sativum (family Liliaceae), its bulb contains up to 0.9% of volatile irritating oil with antiseptic action; has been used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and expectorant.
Synonym(s): garlic


/gar·lic/ (gahr´lik) the flowering plant Allium sativum, or its bulbous stem base, which contains the antibacterial allicin; preparations of the bulbs are used for hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and arteriosclerosis; also used in folk medicine.


an herbal product taken from a perennial bulb grown throughout the world.
uses It is used for vascular disease, elevated LDL, elevated triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure, poor circulation, risk of cancer, inflammatory disorders, childhood ear infection, and yeast infection. The allicin of fresh garlic may cause a small decrease in LDL cholesterol and slight decrease in blood pressure and may have some antibacterial properties, but garlic is not nearly as effective as prescribed drugs for these purposes. Its influence on cancer risk and efficacy for other uses has not been adequately documented. Allicin is very labile, and there is concern that many commercial products contain less than the advertised amount of allicin.
contraindications In normal amounts, garlic is likely safe during pregnancy and for children. Garlic should not be used in large amounts during pregnancy, because it may be fatal to the fetus or stimulate labor. Large amounts also should not be given to children directly or via breast milk because it may cause colic in infants or be fatal to children through uncharacterized mechanisms. It is contraindicated in those with known hypersensitivity, stomach inflammation, or gastritis. People who have had or are about to have surgery should also avoid it, since clotting time may be increased.
A culinary and medicinal perennial plant that contains amino acids and volatile oils (e.g., allicin and vitamins A, B and C) and owes its aroma to the high content of selenium, which is eliminated through the lungs and skin as dimethyl selenide
Chinese medicine Chinese chive, da suan Garlic is used in traditional Chinese medicine as an antimicrobial and general tonic, and for colds, cough, diarrhoea, gastrontestinal complaints, parasites, rheumatic disease, shellfish poisoning, tuberculosis, tumours and vaginitis, as well as to increase internal secretions, and topically for athlete’s foot, fungal and parasitic infections. See Chinese herbal medicine
Herbal medicine In Western herbal medicine, garlic is used internally for atherosclerosis, colds, coughs, flu, gastrointestinal complaints, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, liver and gallbladder disease and as an anthelmintic; as with Chinese herbal medicine, it is used topically for athlete’s foot, fungal and parasitic infections and as a rubefacient. See Herbal medicine


A herbal product promoted for treatment of vascular disease, dyslipidemias, and hypertension.


n Latin name:
Allium sativum; part used: roots (bulbs); uses: anti-lipidemic, antimicrobial, antiasthmatic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antiplatelet, antidiabetic, and potential anticancer; precautions: patients with hyperthyroidism, gastritis; those taking anticoagulants, insulin, antidiabetics, or acidophilus. Also called
ail, allium, camphor of the poor, da-suan, knoblaunch, la-suan, nectar of the gods, poor-man's treacle, rustic treacle, or
stinking rose.
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Patient discussion about garlic

Q. Is garlic helpful in heart ailments? I have heard that garlic is very good for cardiac health and using in curries or cooked with foods will be helpful. I have also heard that it has anti-inflammatory substances and also helps in weight loss. Is garlic helpful in heart ailments?

A. It acts as antioxidant and reduces the amount of free radicals in your body. It’s helpful once taken raw. But the raw garlic can cause bad breadth and blistering of skin and diarrhea. So, there should be a reduced intake of raw garlic. It’s better to have garlic in a cooked up form like in curries or with vegetables. This will also give the desired benefits of garlic and the side effect of over consumption of garlic will also be reduced.

More discussions about garlic
References in periodicals archive ?
Mix this with 1 tbsp five-spice powder, 1 tbsp onion powder, 1 tbsp garlic powder, 100g soft light brown sugar and 100g salt.
Key words: Garlic powder Immunity Growth performance Lipid profile Broilers.
The garlic powder was found to contain allicin at a concentration of 5.
32] the equilibrium relative humidity (ERH) of garlic powder was found to be 14%.
Sprinkle with garlic powder, dill and black pepper.
Courgette and mushroom pasta Serves six Ingredients Two onions, finely chopped Three courgettes, sliced One red pepper, de-seeded and sliced One green pepper, de-seeded and sliced 450g (1lb) mushrooms, thickly sliced One dessertspoon garlic powder or puree A bunch each of fresh basil and oregano Two tablespoons oil Two medium tins chopped tomatoes Three tablespoons tomato puree One teaspoon sugar Salt and pepper to taste 150ml (5fl oz) vegetable stock 500g (1lb) penne Method Heat oil in a pan, add onion, garlic powder and half of the herbs and sweat for five minutes.
Alternatively, you can take enteric-coated garlic powder pills or aged garlic extract.
Fill a paper bag with chips and add some garlic powder, onion powder, and white pepper or chili powder, and shake until the chips are all coated.
Specifically, the positive cardiovascular effects of garlic powder have been studied, leading researchers to conclude that regular consumption of 600-900 milligrams of standardized garlic powder can reduce serum cholesterol levels, improve the LDL-HDL ratio, lower triglycerides, reduce elevated blood pressure and improve blood circulation.
Remove, and shake on 1/4 teaspoon each of garlic powder and seasoned salt, along with a few dashes of hot sauce.
Garlic powder, salt and pepper 1/2 Red bell pepper, seeded and sliced into strips 1/2 Yellow bell pepper, seeded and sliced into strips 1/2 Small, white onion sliced into rings 3 tbls.