Gardnerella


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Gardnerella

 [gahrd″ner-el´ah]
a genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria having one species, G. vagina´lis (formerly called Haemophilus vaginalis). It is found in the normal female genital tract and is the causative organism for nonspecific vaginitis. Gardnerella infection is one of the most common and most contagious of the sexually transmitted diseases and is thought to be in association with infections by anaerobic organisms. The major symptom is increased vaginal discharge that is thin and gray, has a fishy odor, and has a pH between 5 and 5.5. There usually is no itching or sign of mucosal irritation since the organism does not invade the vaginal mucosa; if such symptoms do occur, it suggests that a concomitant infection is present. Treatment is with metronidazole (Flagyl). The sexual partner should be treated concurrently if reinfection is to be avoided.

Gardnerella

(gărd'nĕr-el'ă),
A genus of facultatively anaerobic, oxidase- and catalase-negative, non-spore-forming, nonencapsulated, nonmotile, pleomorphic bacteria with gram-variable rods.

Gard·ner·el·la

(gahrd-nĕr-el'ă)
A genus of facultatively anaerobic, oxidase- and catalase-negative, non-spore-forming, nonencapsulated, nonmotile, pleomorphic bacteria with gram-variable rods.
References in periodicals archive ?
"If your discharge is runny, watery or even has a greyish colour however, this may be an indicator that you are experiencing bacterial vaginosis (BV), which is caused by specific gardnerella bacteria, "If you're unsure what your discharge means, self-tests such as Canestest (PS10.49, Boots.com) will help you quickly identify if your pH levels have changed and if you are experiencing thrush or BV.
The most common infections of the patients are infections with Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Candida albicans.
In this work, we focused on some of sexually transmitted pathogens: Gardnerella vaginalis (GV), Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), and Ureaplasma parvum (UP).
331 July 22, 2016) that women with an abundance of Prevotella bivia and Gardnerella vaginalis in their vaginal microbiome are 13 times more at risk of becoming infected with HIV than those with scant amounts of P.
In addition, similar vaginal microbiota (Lactobacillus vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis/Mobiluncus spp., Coccus/Bacillus, Candida spp., and Trichomonas vaginalis) were found in the two groups.
Swabs for Gardnerella vaginalis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhea also were negative.
Fragments of 340 bp, 341 bp, 343 bp, 344 bp, 345 bp, 347 bp, 349 bp, 353 bp, 354 bp, 356 bp, 361 bp, 363 bp, 368 bp, and 375 bp were classified, respectively, as coming from genera Mycobacterium , Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma , Sneathia , Corynebacterium , Atopobium , Gardnerella , Mobiluncus , Prevotella , Actinomyces , Staphylococcus , Anaerococcus , Peptoniphilus , Megasphaera, and Lactobacillus .
Other causative microbial agents include Group B and Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia species, human papilloma virus, Gardnerella vaginalis, Treponema pallidum, Trichomoniasis, and the Borrelia species (Leber & Tirumani, 2017).
Esta preparacion tambien ha demostrado actividad antibacteriana y antifungica contra Gardnerella vaginalis y Candida albicans (69).
No se observo asociacion significativa entre VPH e infecciones con Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida sp.
The researchers found that many midstream urine specimens were dominated by the genera Corynebacterium, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, Gardnerella, Prevotella, Escherichia/Shigella, and Enterobacteriaceae.