ganglion cell

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gan·gli·on cell

originally, any nerve cell (neuron); in current usage, a neuron the cell body of which is located outside the limits of the brain and spinal cord, hence forming part of the peripheral nervous system; ganglion cells are either 1) the pseudounipolar cells of the sensory spinal and cranial nerves (sensory ganglia), or 2) the peripheral multipolar motor neurons innervating the viscera (visceral or autonomic ganglia).
Synonym(s): gangliocyte

gan·gli·on cell

(gang'glē-ŏn sel)
A neuron the cell body of which is located outside the limits of the brain and spinal cord, hence forming part of the peripheral nervous system; ganglion cells are either 1) the pseudounipolar cells of the sensory spinal and cranial nerves (sensory ganglia), or 2) the peripheral multipolar motor neurons innervating the viscera (visceral or autonomic ganglia).
Synonym(s): gangliocyte.

ganglion cell

1. Any neuron whose cell body is located within a ganglion.
2. A neuron of the retina of the eye whose cell body lies in the ganglion cell layer. The axons of ganglion cells form the optic nerve.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study conducted to compare RNFL thickness between normal individuals, diabetics with and without retinopathy, it was observed that RNFL was characteristically thinner as the retinopathy progressed.20 Thus, it is assumed that vascular progression of diabetic retinopathy is accompanied by similar progression in neurodegeneration of ganglion cells, causing further thinning of RNFL.
(3,5-8) Modified criteria evolved gradually, primarily because of a series of papers coauthored by Meier-Ruge in the mid-1990s that clarified in detail how enzyme histochemistry should be performed and ganglion cells counted.
in quail retina; Binggeli & Paule (1969) in pigeon retin] the cells most represented in the retina of the Strigidae studied, and related to the medium-large range, might be definable as the alpha cells in the classification of cat retinal ganglion cells (Boycott & Wassle, 1974).
Ganglion cell populations in normal and pathological human cochleae implications for cochlear implantation.
Because OCT technology significantly enhances the imaging resolution, the segmentation of retinal layers, such as the ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), is now possible.
Each patient was scanned using two patterns, including an ONH scan and ganglion cell complex (GCC) scan.
[7.] Do MT, Yau KW (2010) Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells. Physiolog Revie 90: 1547-1581.
The aim of our study was to assess retinal and choroidal thickness and ganglion cell complex in pubescent T1D children.
(a-c) Representative image of Tuj1 and Prph immunostaining in spiral ganglion cells of the control group.
The presence of ganglion cells and negative staining for CD117 and CD34 in the spindled cells excludes the diagnosis of GIST.
[12] However, reports of earlier studies about the differences in the number of ganglion cells and thickness of longitudinal layer in the colon and rectum are not consistent.
the inner plexiform layer including dendrites, the bodies and the RNFL (axons) of ganglion cells. These three layers form the ganglion cell complex (GCC).