GMS stain

Go·mo·ri meth·en·a·mine-sil·ver stain

(gō-mō'rē),
techniques for argentaffin cells: a method using a methenamine-silver solution in combination with gold chloride, sodium thiosulfate, and safranin O; argentaffin granules appear brown-black against a green background; urates: warm sections are treated directly with a hot methenamine-silver solution to produce a blackening of urates; fungi: see Grocott-Gomori methenamine-silver stain; melanin, which reduces silver nitrate.
Synonym(s): GMS stain

GMS stain

A chromic acid, sodium bisulfite stain used in histology and cytology to identify fungi and Pneumocystis jiroveci. The slide is placed in a hot bath for penetration and stains fungi black with sharp margins and a cleared centre.

GMS stain

Gomori-Grocott methenamine silver stain A chromic acid, sodium bisulfite stain used in histology and cytology to identify fungi and Pneumocystis carinii; the slide is placed in a hot bath for penetration and stains fungi black with sharp margins, and a cleared center. See Sealed envelope appearance.
References in periodicals archive ?
GMS stain clearly outlined the fungi having septate hyphae and Masson-Fontana showed blackish pigments suggestive of phaeohyphomycosis (Figure 5).
An ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous biopsy of the mass revealed a chronic organizing abscess with filamentous bacteria on GMS stain consistent with an actinomycosis abscess.
Histopathological evaluation of epidural tissue showed predominantly chronic and granulomatous inflammation with numerous large broad based budding organisms seen in black on GMS stain (Figure 2).
Budding yeast were seen on Gormori methenamine silver (GMS stain) (Figure 2).
BAL revealed filamentous fungi on direct GMS stain, and no microorganisms on acid fast stains.
Histoplasma capsulatum can be identified on GMS stain of a variety of tissues, including bone marrow, lymph node, skin lesion biopsy, liver biopsy, and transbronchial lung biopsy specimens.[14,17] Liver biopsy may prove particularly fruitful in those patients with elevations of serum liver enzymes.
Do the black particles on the GMS stain represent fungi?
Although some laboratories additionally perform a periodic acid-Schiff stain for fungi, the GMS stain is preferable, primarily because periodic acid-Schiff provides less contrast between fungi and background debris.
Caption: Figure 4: GMS stain highlighting delicate branched filaments.
PAS and GMS stains must be used to properly visualize the hyphae [5].
Proximal pancreas was negative for microorganisms on AFB and GMS stains but showed nonnecrotizing granulomas compatible with patient's history of sarcoidosis (Figure 3).
In comparison to the results obtained with MMPS, GMS stained cellulose fibers gray to black whereas Congo red imparted an orange color to MCC.