GLI3


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GLI3

A gene on chromosome 7p13 that encodes a DNA-binding C2H2-type zinc finger protein of the Gli family, which plays a role in limb development. The full-length GLI3 (GLI3FL) is a transcriptional activator; GLI3R, the C-terminally truncated form, acts as a repressor of the sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway.

Molecular pathology
GLI3 mutations are associated with Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome, Pallister-Hall syndrome, pre-axial polydactyly type IV, and postaxial polydactyly types A1 and B.
References in periodicals archive ?
Debeer P, Peeters H, Driess S, De Smet L, Freese K, Matthijs G, Bornholdt D, Devriendt K, Grzeschik KH, Fryns JP, Kalff-Suske M (2003) Variable phenotype in Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome: clinical and radiological findings in 4 independent families and 3 sporadic cases with identified GLI3 mutations.
Molecular and clinical analyses of Greig cephalopolysyndactyly and Pallister-Hall syndromes: Robust phenotype prediction from the type and position of GLI3 mutations.
For example, in the Sonic hedgehog-Patched-GLI pathway (36,37) the transcription factors GLI1 and GLI3 are tethered to cytoskeletal elements.