glycemic index

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Related to GI index: Glycemic load

index

 (pl. indexes, in´dices) (L.)
1. the numerical ratio of measurement of any part in comparison with a fixed standard.
Barthel index an objective, standardized tool for measuring functional status. The individual is scored in a number of areas depending upon independence of performance. Total scores range from 0 (complete dependence) to 100 (complete independence).
bleeding index any of various methods of assessing bleeding in the gingival sulcus before or after treatment.
body mass index (BMI) the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters, a measure of body fat that gives an indication of nutritional status.
cardiac index cardiac output corrected for body size.
cephalic index 100 times the maximum breadth of the skull divided by its maximum length.
citation index an index listing all publications appearing in a set of source publications (e.g., articles in a defined group of journals) that cite a given publication in their bibliographies.
Colour index a publication of the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists containing an extensive list of dyes and dye intermediates. Each chemically distinct compound is identified by a specific number, the C.I. number, avoiding the confusion of trivial names used for dyes in the dye industry.
erythrocyte indices the mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. These are all useful for evaluating anemias because they provide information on the size of the erythrocytes and the concentration of hemoglobin. Called also red cell or red blood cell indices.
glycemic index a ranking of foods based on the response of postprandial blood sugar levels as compared with a reference food, usually either white bread or glucose. See table.
left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI) an index of the amount of work performed by the heart.
leukopenic index a fall of 1000 or more in the total leukocyte count within 1.5 hours after ingestion of a given food; it indicates allergic hypersensitivity to that food.
index Medicus a monthly publication of the national library of medicine in which the world's leading biomedical literature is indexed by author and subject.
opsonic index a measure of opsonic activity determined by the ratio of the number of microorganisms phagocytized by normal leukocytes in the presence of serum from an individual infected by the microorganism, to the number phagocytized in serum from a normal individual.
phagocytic index any arbitrary measure of the ability of neutrophils to ingest native or opsonized particles determined by various assays; it reflects either the average number of particles ingested or the rate at which particles are cleared from the blood or culture medium.
red blood cell indices (red cell indices) erythrocyte indices.
refractive index the refractive power of a medium compared with that of air (assumed to be 1).
short increment sensitivity index (SISI) a hearing test in which randomly spaced, 0.5-second tone bursts are superimposed at 1- to 5-decibel increments in intensity on a carrier tone having the same frequency and an intensity of 20 decibels above the speech recognition threshold.
therapeutic index originally, the ratio of the maximum tolerated dose to the minimum curative dose; now defined as the ratio of the median lethal dose (LD50) to the median effective dose (ED50). It is used in assessing the safety of a drug.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

glycemic index

a ranking of the rise in serum glucose from various foodstuffs.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

glycemic index

(glī-sē′mĭk)
n.
A numerical index given to a carbohydrate-rich food that is based on the average increase in blood glucose levels occurring after the food is eaten.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

glycemic index

Nutrition A benchmark of a food's ability to trigger ↑ insulin production; refined foods have a high GI, which ↑ the long-term risk of type 2 DM. See Diabetes, The Zone.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

gly·ce·mic in·dex

(glī-sē'mik in'deks)
A relative measurement of the rise in blood glucose levels 2 hours after ingestion of any food containing 50 g. of a carbohydrate.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

gly·ce·mic in·dex

(glī-sē'mik in'deks)
Ranking of the rise in serum glucose from various foodstuffs.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Secondly, these diets are based on a highly quantitative and calculating approach to food and diets--in this case measuring the GI index of all foods.
When I'm in the office, the last thing on my mind is where a Mars bar will place meon the GI Index, or whether my latest shot of caffeine really is good for my heart.
4 They have a low GI index, so release energy steadily over a longer period and help to keep your hunger at bay.
The Treforest bakery has been working on a special recipe for more than six months to bake a loaf which would satisfy the stringent requirements set by the GI Index.
Foods only appear on the GI Index if they contain carbohydrate.
1) Say KAPOW to bad carbs White carbs in foods such as cakes, cereals and pasta have a high GI index (where food is ranked according to the effect on blood glucose levels).A high GI can over-stimulate the body's insulin response and make you store tummy fat.Try low GI foods like porridge, wholegrain pasta and brown rice.
The problem is in finding a GI index. Have you any information?