Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms.
Related to GERD: hiatal hernia, acid reflux


pertaining to the stomach and esophagus.
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) any of various conditions resulting from gastroesophageal reflux, ranging in seriousness from mild to life-threatening; principal characteristics are heartburn and regurgitation. When there is damage to the esophageal epithelium, it is known as reflux esophagitis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


gastroesophageal reflux disease
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


An abbreviation which takes into account the UK/US spelling differences of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (see there)/gastroesophageal reflux disease (GOR/GER if referring to reflux alone).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease, heartburn, reflux gastroenteritis GI disease A constellation of findings caused by the chronic backflow of gastric acid into the esophagus; affects 20-40 million, US; 80% also have a hiatal hernia Clinical Heartburn, dyspepsia, regurgitation, aspiration, coughing Diagnosis Esophagoscopy, barium swallow, Bernstein test Endoscopy 90% GERD Pts have endoscopic inflammation at EG junction DiffDx Angina/AMI Management Antacids, lifestyle modification, antisecretory prescription drugs–proton pump inhibitors, H2 blockers, rarely, surgery Prognosis GERD can lead to scarring and stricture of the esophagus, and require dilating; 10% develop Barrett's esophagus which ↑ the risk of adenoCA of esophagus; 80% of GERDs also have hiatal hernia. See Proton pump inhibitors, H2 blockers.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Acronym for gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


A chronic condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter allows gastric acids to reflux into the esophagus, causing heartburn, acid indigestion, and possible injury to the esophageal lining.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Acronym for gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about GERD

Q. Baby with Gastro esophageal Reflux... I have a baby with Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease, should I worry that she will have autism? I want to clarify my doubt to be more overcautious. Kindly guide me!

Q. how do you deal with a mild case of acid reflux

A. You can start with life style changes: if you have symptoms during the night, you can try to elevate the head of your bed. You can try to avoid foods that induce reflux: fatty foods, chocolate, peppermint, and excessive alcohol. Cola, red wine, and orange juice are very acidic, so it would be wise to avoid them too, In addition to these, you can try to use a diary to reveal which kind of food causes symptoms and avoid it.

Try to refrain from lying down immediately after a meal, or eating just before bedtime. Overweight is a risk factor for reflux, so if it's relevant weight reduction is also recommended.

If you feel heartburn, you may chew in order to increase salivation and thus alleviate the symptoms. Smoking has a negative effect on salivation, so smoking cessation is also recommended.

And that's before we even mentioned OTC drugs...

Q. is there anything to cure G.E.R.D. instead of taking pills daily?

A. there is no known way to "cure" but it can be manageable. there's a somewhat new procedure -An endoscope. Using this scope, doctors can treat the lower part of the esophagus to improve how it works. These nonsurgical procedures are somewhat new. There is not enough scientific evidence yet to talk about how well they work.
here is a nice tutorial about it:

and of course you can avoid some types of food and habits (sorry...long and tasty list...):

More discussions about GERD
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References in periodicals archive ?
In January 2019, the Ethiopian Water, Irrigation, and Electricity Minister, Sileshi Bekele, said that 80% of civil constructions in GERD has completed, while the implementation of hydro-mechanic work has reached 25%.
The diaphragm and other physical barriers to reflux also play important roles in preventing GERD.
The relationship between the hiatal hernia and LES is of particular interest in cases of GERD considering the high association between the anatomical defect and disease.
While diet and lifestyle changes may eliminate the symptoms of GERD, it is important to identify the underlying cause if the symptoms keep recurring.
Since both silent GERD and hypertension are common and share many common risk factors, we postulate that a higher prevalence of silent GERD exists in patients with hypertension.
McCoul from the Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans Mexico explained that GERD was associated with cancer in older adults in the respiratory and upper digestive tracts.
The mean values of endothelin-1 levels were as follows: 8.3[+ or -]0.57 pmol/L in group 1 patients (IHD + GERD) and 4.1[+ or -]0.23 pmol/L in group 2 patients (GERD), indicating significant increase in comparison with normal values of 1.92[+ or -]0.23 pmol/L.
Since there is no baseline data available in Pakistan to determine the lifestyle practices of GERD patients so the purpose of this study was to assess the patients' lifestyle modifications after being diagnosed with GERD.
GERD is more likely to affect people who are overweight and smoke regularly.
With the advent of generics and OTC products the growth in GERD drugs market has decreased.
Conclusion: Sympathovagal balance seems to be disrupted in patients with GERD, with dominance of the parasympathetic system and an increased risk of arrhythmias, although AF was not significantly more frequent in these patients.
An important concept emerging from the consensus process is that of GERD being a spectrum disease that can run from symptomatic GERD through the potential complications of oesophagitis, haemorrhage and stricture formation, to Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma.