Fusobacterium

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Fusobacterium

 [fu″so-bak-tē´re-um]
a genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found as normal flora in the mouth and large bowel and often in necrotic tissue, probably as secondary invaders. Species include F. gonidiafor´mans and F. morti´ferum (occurring in respiratory, urogenital, and gastrointestinal infections); F. necro´phorum (occurring in disseminated infections involving necrotic lesions, abscesses, and bacteremia); and F. navifor´me, F. nuclea´tum, F. rus´sii, and F. va´rium (occurring in abscesses and other infections).

Fusobacterium

(fyū'zō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm),
A genus of bacteria containing gram-negative, non-spore-forming, nonmotile, obligately anaerobic rods that produce butyric acid as a major metabolic product. These organisms are found in cavities of humans and other animals; some species are pathogenic. The type species is Fusobacterium nucleatum.
[L. fusus, a spindle, + bacterium]

Fusobacterium

/Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um/ (fu″zo-bak-tēr´e-um) a genus of anaerobic gram-negative bacteria found as normal flora in the mouth and large bowel, and often in necrotic tissue, probably as secondary invaders. F. necroph´orum is found in abscesses of the liver, lungs, and other tissues and in chronic ulcer of the colon.

fusobacterium

/fu·so·bac·te·ri·um/ pl. fusobacte´ria  
1. A rod-shaped bacterium in which the cell is thicker in the center and tapers toward the ends.
2. an organism of the genus Fusobacterium.

Fusobacterium

a large cigar-shaped anaerobic bacillus genus, only some of which are pathogenic to humans. F. fusiforme is found in cavities of humans and other animals. It is sometimes associated with Vincent's angina. F. nucleatum is associated with pleuropulmonary infection and disease and also is one of the causes of gingivitis.

Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um

(fū'zō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm)
A genus of bacteria containing gram-negative, non-spore-forming, obligately anaerobic rods that produce butyric acid as a major metabolic product. These organisms are found in cavities of humans and other animals; some species are pathogenic.
[L. fusus, a spindle, + bacterium]

Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um

(fū'zō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm)
A genus of bacteria containing gram-negative, non-spore-forming, nonmotile, obligately anaerobic rods; found in oral cavities of humans and other animals; some species are pathogenic.
[L. fusus, a spindle, + bacterium]

Fusobacterium

a genus of anaerobic non-spore-forming, gram-negative bacteria found as normal flora in the mouth and large bowel, and often in necrotic tissue, probably as secondary invaders.

Fusobacterium equinum
contributes to necrotizing pneumonia and pleurisy in horses.
Fusobacterium necrophorum
found in abscesses of the liver, lungs and other tissues and in chronic ulcer of the colon. A common major participant in bovine footrot, calf diphtheria, ruminal necrobacillosis, hepatic abscesses and thrush in horses. Synergistic with Dichelobacter nodosus in ovine footrot. Divided into subspecies necrophorum, formerly biotype A, which is especially found in liver abscesses of cattle, and subspecies funduliforme, formerly biotype B, which is particularly found in ruminal abscesses and in ruminal contents.
Fusobacterium nodosus
Fusobacterium nucleatum
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
Fusobacterium russii
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
The dominant five phyla observed in stool samples have been Firmicutes , Bacteroidetes , Proteobacteria , Actinobacteria , and Fusobacteria , ranked in the order of abundance.
A recent study found fusobacteria had burrowed into tumours and stayed with them as they spread throughout the body.
Many types of bacteria may cause the liver abscesses but the most common are in the groups Fusobacteria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Truepelellar and Bacteroides.
The proportion of Euryarchaeota increased linearly, whereas the proportion of Fusobacteria decreased linearly with increasing levels of AFE (p = 0.
La cavidad oral sana esta caracterizada por una microflora dominada por el phylum Firmicutes (genero Streptococcus, familia Veillonellaceae, genero Granulicatella), Proteobacteria (genero Neisseria, Haemophilus), Actinobacteria (genero Corynebacterium, Rothia, Actinomyces), Bacteroidetes (genero Prevotella, Capnocytophaga, Porphyromona) y Fusobacteria (genero Fusobacterium).
Other lower resolution studies find that the relative abundance of bacteria from the phylum Bacteroidetes decreases as those from the phylum Proteobacteria increase and that individuals with cirrhosis exhibit a unique increase in Fusobacteria (Chen et al.
The major bacterial phyla present in the human gut are Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes, followed by Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Fusobacteria, and Verrucomicrobia (8).
Conversely in the gluten-free samples, there was variation of dominant phyla among individual zebrafish, showing Fusobacteria (61.
While Mohammad al Mannai and Abdulla al Sulaiman from Al Shammal Independent Secondary School for Boys were adjudged second for their project titled 'The production of toothpaste from the Crimean Leaf's extract and its effectiveness on Fusobacteria that causes gingivitis'.
27%) -- aureus + Micrococci Table 5 : Microorganisms isolated from different types of acne lesions Microorganisms Papules Pustules Cysts Total Aerobes 57 Staphylococcus epidermidis 10 19 2 31 Staphylococcus aureus 3 11 2 16 Micrococci 1 2 -- 3 Y haemolytic streptococci 2 -- -- 2 Pseudomonas aeruginosa -- 2 -- 2 Klebsiella pneumoniae -- 2 -- 2 Proteus mirabilis -- -- 1 1 Anaerobes 29 Propionibacterium acnes 5 8 3 16 Peptococci 6 3 -- 9 Peptostreptococci 1 1 -- 2 Fusobacteria 1 1 -- 2 Table 6 : Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of aerobic bacteria in acne Organism No.
This wasn't the only study that associated Fusobacteria with colorectal cancer.
Group 1 (buccal mucosa, keratinized gingiva, and hard palate) demonstrated a predominance of organisms from the phylum Firmicutes (with a very high proportion [approximately 50%] from the genus Strepto coccus) followed in relative abundance by the phyla Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and either Actinobacteria or Fusobacteria