aspergilloma

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aspergilloma

 [as″per-jil-o´mah]
the most common kind of fungus ball formed by colonization of Aspergillus in a bronchus or lung cavity.

as·per·gil·lo·ma

(as'per-ji-lō'mă),
A ball-like mass of Aspergillus hyphae colonizing an existing cavity in the lung.
[aspergillus + -oma, tumor]
A tumour-like mass of fungi, classically from the saprobic form of Aspergillus spp, which colonises a preexisting pulmonary cavity
DiffDx—Radiology Abcesses, ankylosing spondylitis, congenital lung cysts, cystic bronchiectasis, emphysematous bullae, cavitary histoplasmosis, neoplasia, radiation fibrosis, sarcoidosis, AIDS
Management Surgical excision of large lesions carries a 5–10% intraoperative mortality rate and a 25–35% complication rate, but, without surgery, potentially fatal haemoptysis occurs in 50–83%

as·per·gil·lo·ma

(as'pĕr-ji-lō'mă)
1. An infectious granuloma caused by Aspergillus.
2. A variety of bronchopulmonary aspergillosis; a ball-like mass of Aspergillus fumigatus colonizing an existing cavity in the lung.

aspergilloma

A tumour-like mass that can form in the lungs in the course of the disease ASPERGILLOSIS. This can cause coughing of blood and may be mistaken for BRONCHIAL CARCINOMA. The condition is common in people with healed tuberculous cavities in the lungs. Surgery to remove that affected parts of the lung may be necessary.

Aspergilloma

A ball or mass made of Aspergillus fungi that can form in the lungs of patients with suppressed immune systems.
Mentioned in: Aspergillosis
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 1: One study subject with fungal ball (polymerase chain reaction and culture test positive for Aspergillus fumigatus).
In the renal parenchyma, fungal ball causes pyelonephritis and cortical abscess, while, in the draining system, the ball can lead to obstructive uropathy, most commonly at the level of ureteropelvic junction.
A case of Candida parapsilosis fungal balls in the urinary tract associated with a retrocaval ureter [in Japanese].
The fungal ball was suspected in all patients on chest radiograph and confirmed on CT of the chest (Figure la-b).
* CXR PA view showed B/L apical fibrocavity with fungal ball. (5) bilaterally, with remaining lung parenchyma normally aerated.
The fungal ball (mycetoma) is an extramucosal collection of hyphae, usually in the maxillary antrum, which provokes little or no host response.
The noninvasive forms are fungal ball ("Sinus mycetoma") and allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS).
In the present study the most common mycological picture was the presence of FUNGAL BALL, black mycotic plug/blotting paper like mass/wet newspaper like mass in 52 cases, greyish white material in the external auditory canal in 23 cases, yellowish coloured crusts/debris 5 cases, dry mat like appearance in 8 cases, and the other is mucopurulent discharge in 29 cases.
Noninvasive disease includes Saprophytic Fungal infestation, Sinus Fungal Ball and Allergic Fungal sinusitis.
In untreated cases, it can cause urinary obstruction through formation of fungal balls resulting in hydronephrosis, oliguria or anuria, destruction of the renal parenchyma, ultimately sepsis and wide-spread dissemination of the organism, and death of the patient.
Becky Jones, 20, became the first patient to have a lung transplant while suffering from multi-resistant Aspergillus, an airborne fungus, and mus ltiple fungal balls in her lungs.
She made history twice by being the first patient to have a lung transplant while suffering from multi-resistant Aspergillus, a common airborne fungus, and multiple fungal balls in her old lungs.